AmphibiaWeb - Strabomantidae
AMPHIBIAWEB

Strabomantidae

745 species in 21 genera

Commonly Called Cloud Forest Landfrogs, Landfrogs, Terrestrial-breeding Frogs


Pristimantis altae
Photo by Andrew J. Crawford
(Click for family gallery)

This is one of the most speciose families as defined by S. B. Hedges, W. E. Duellman, and M. P. Heinike (2008), in a study on phylogenetics and systematics of ground-breeding frogs. In 2011, Pyron & Wiens (2011) proposed that Strabomantidae is nonmonophyletic and considered the group to be a subfamily (Strabomantinae) within the Craugastoridae (a family also proposed by Hedges et al. 2008). However, Blackburn and Wake (2011) reviewed the taxonomy of these groups and retained the original delimitation proposed by Hedges et al. (2008). Thus, Strabomantidae and Craugastoridae are considered separate families here.

What little is known of the biology of this family suggests they do not have larval forms and instead are direct developers; thus they lack a free-living larval stage (tadpoles) and hatch as miniature froglets.

Written by AmphibiaWeb

Notable Family Characteristics

  • Primarily small bodied frogs
  • Terrestrial breeding
  • Direct development
  • Mostly terrestrial species but some arboreal species are present
  • Distribution in South America
Detailed Family Account here
Strabomantidae Richness map

Cartography Credit: Zoe Yoo, UC Berkeley
Range maps sources: AmphibiaWeb, UC Berkeley, and IUCN RedList

Relevant Reference

Hedges, S.B., Duellman, W.E., and M.P Heinicke. 2008. New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation. Zootaxa 1737: 1-182.

Blackburn, D. C., and D. B. Wake. 2011. Class Amphibia Gray, 1825. Zhang, Z.-q. ed., Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 39–55.

Genus Atopophrynus (1 species)
Atopophrynus syntomopus no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Geobatrachus (1 species)
Geobatrachus walkeri no account photos no sound/video

Genus Heyerus (1 species)
Heyerus bilineatus no account photos no sound/video

Genus Qosqophryne (1 species)
Qosqophryne mancoinca no account photos no sound/video

Genus Qusqophryne (2 species)
Qusqophryne flammiventris no account no photos no sound/video
Qusqophryne gymnotis no account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Holoadeninae (68 species)

Genus Barycholos (2 species)    [subfamily Holoadeninae]
Barycholos pulcher no account photos no sound/video
Barycholos ternetzi no account photos sound/video

Genus Bryophryne (11 species)    [subfamily Holoadeninae]
Bryophryne abramalagae no account no photos no sound/video
Bryophryne bakersfield no account no photos no sound/video
Bryophryne bustamantei no account photos no sound/video
Bryophryne cophites account photos no sound/video
Bryophryne hanssaueri account photos no sound/video
Bryophryne nubilosus no account photos no sound/video
Bryophryne phuyuhampatu no account photos no sound/video
Bryophryne quellokunka no account photos no sound/video
Bryophryne tocra no account no photos no sound/video
Bryophryne wilakunka no account no photos no sound/video
Bryophryne zonalis no account photos no sound/video

Genus Euparkerella (5 species)    [subfamily Holoadeninae]
Euparkerella brasiliensis no account no photos no sound/video
Euparkerella cochranae account no photos no sound/video
Euparkerella cryptica no account no photos no sound/video
Euparkerella robusta no account no photos no sound/video
Euparkerella tridactyla no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Holoaden (4 species)    [subfamily Holoadeninae]
Holoaden bradei no account photos no sound/video
Holoaden luederwaldti no account no photos no sound/video
Holoaden pholeter account no photos no sound/video
Holoaden suarezi no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Microkayla (25 species)    [subfamily Holoadeninae]
Microkayla adenopleura no account photos no sound/video
Microkayla ankohuma no account photos no sound/video
Microkayla boettgeri no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla chacaltaya no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla chapi no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla chaupi no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla chilina no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla colla no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla condoriri no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla guillei no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla harveyi no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla huayna no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla iani no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla iatamasi no account photos no sound/video
Microkayla illampu no account photos no sound/video
Microkayla illimani no account photos no sound/video
Microkayla kallawaya no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla katantika no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla kempffi no account photos no sound/video
Microkayla melanocheira no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla pinguis no account photos no sound/video
Microkayla quimsacruzis no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla saltator no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla teqta no account no photos no sound/video
Microkayla wettsteini no account photos no sound/video

Genus Noblella (16 species)    [subfamily Holoadeninae]
Noblella carrascoicola no account photos no sound/video
Noblella coloma account no photos no sound/video
Noblella duellmani account no photos no sound/video
Noblella heyeri account no photos no sound/video
Noblella lochites account no photos no sound/video
Noblella losamigos account photos no sound/video
Noblella lynchi no account photos no sound/video
Noblella madreselva no account photos no sound/video
Noblella myrmecoides account no photos no sound/video
Noblella naturetrekii no account no photos no sound/video
Noblella personina no account no photos no sound/video
Noblella peruviana no account no photos no sound/video
Noblella pygmaea no account photos no sound/video
Noblella ritarasquinae no account photos no sound/video
Noblella thiuni no account photos no sound/video
Noblella worleyae no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Psychrophrynella (5 species)    [subfamily Holoadeninae]
Psychrophrynella bagrecito account no photos no sound/video
Psychrophrynella chirihampatu account photos sound/video
Psychrophrynella glauca no account photos sound/video
Psychrophrynella usurpator no account photos no sound/video
Psychrophrynella vilcabambensis no account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Hypodactylinae (15 species)

Genus Niceforonia (15 species)    [subfamily Hypodactylinae]
Niceforonia adenobrachia no account no photos no sound/video
Niceforonia aderca no account no photos no sound/video
Niceforonia araiodactyla no account no photos no sound/video
Niceforonia babax no account no photos no sound/video
Niceforonia brunnea no account no photos no sound/video
Niceforonia columbiana no account no photos no sound/video
Niceforonia dolops no account photos no sound/video
Niceforonia elassodisca no account photos no sound/video
Niceforonia fallaciosa account photos no sound/video
Niceforonia latens no account no photos no sound/video
Niceforonia lucida no account no photos no sound/video
Niceforonia mantipa no account photos no sound/video
Niceforonia nana no account photos no sound/video
Niceforonia nigrovittata no account photos no sound/video
Niceforonia peraccai no account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Pristimantinae (640 species)

Genus Dischidodactylus (2 species)    [subfamily Pristimantinae]
Dischidodactylus colonnelloi no account no photos no sound/video
Dischidodactylus duidensis no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Lynchius (7 species)    [subfamily Pristimantinae]
Lynchius flavomaculatus no account photos no sound/video
Lynchius megacephalus no account no photos no sound/video
Lynchius nebulanastes no account photos no sound/video
Lynchius oblitus no account no photos no sound/video
Lynchius parkeri no account photos no sound/video
Lynchius simmonsi no account no photos no sound/video
Lynchius tabaconas no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Oreobates (26 species)    [subfamily Pristimantinae]
Oreobates amarakaeri no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates antrum no account no photos no sound/video
Oreobates ayacucho no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates barituensis no account no photos no sound/video
Oreobates berdemenos no account no photos no sound/video
Oreobates chiquitanus no account no photos no sound/video
Oreobates choristolemma no account no photos no sound/video
Oreobates crepitans no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates cruralis no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates discoidalis no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates gemcare no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates granulosus no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates heterodactylus no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates ibischi no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates lehri no account no photos no sound/video
Oreobates lundbergi no account no photos no sound/video
Oreobates machiguenga no account no photos no sound/video
Oreobates madidi no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates pereger no account no photos no sound/video
Oreobates quixensis no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates remotus no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates sanctaecrucis no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates sanderi no account no photos no sound/video
Oreobates saxatilis no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates yanucu no account photos no sound/video
Oreobates zongoensis account photos no sound/video

Genus Phrynopus (35 species)    [subfamily Pristimantinae]
Phrynopus anancites no account photos no sound/video
Phrynopus auriculatus no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus badius no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus barthlenae no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus bracki no account photos no sound/video
Phrynopus bufoides no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus capitalis no account photos no sound/video
Phrynopus chaparroi no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus daemon no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus dagmarae no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus dumicola no account photos no sound/video
Phrynopus heimorum no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus horstpauli no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus interstinctus no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus inti no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus juninensis no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus kauneorum no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus kotosh no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus lapidoides no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus lechriorhynchus no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus mariellaleo no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus miroslawae no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus montium no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus oblivius no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus paucari no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus personatus no account photos no sound/video
Phrynopus peruanus no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus pesantesi no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus remotum no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus tautzorum no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus thompsoni account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus tribulosus no account photos no sound/video
Phrynopus unchog no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus valquii no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynopus vestigiatus no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Pristimantis (561 species)    [subfamily Pristimantinae]
Pristimantis aaptus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis abakapa no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis academicus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis acatallelus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis acerus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis achatinus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis actinolaimus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis actites no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis acuminatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis acutirostris no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis adiastolus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis aemulatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis affinis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis afrox no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis alalocophus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis albericoi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis albertus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis albujai no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis allpapuyu no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis altae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis altamazonicus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis altamnis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis amaguanae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ameliae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis amydrotus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis andinogigas no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis andinognomus account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis anemerus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis angustilineatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis aniptopalmatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis anolirex no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis anotis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis antisuyu no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis apiculatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis appendiculatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis aquilonaris no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ardalonychus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ardilae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ardyae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ashaninka no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis astralos no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis atillo no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis atrabracus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis atratus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis attenboroughi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis aurantiguttatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis aureolineatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis aureoventris no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis auricarens no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis avicuporum no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis avius no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bacchus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis baiotis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis balionotus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bambu no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis barrigai no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis baryecuus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis batrachites no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bearsei no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bellae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bellator no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bellona no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bernali no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bicantus account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bicolor no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bicumulus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bipunctatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis boconoensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bogotensis no account photos sound/video
Pristimantis boucephalus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis boulengeri no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bounides no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bowara no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis brevicrus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis brevifrons no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis briceni no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bromeliaceus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis buccinator no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis buckleyi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis buenaventura no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis bustamante no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cabrerai no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cacao no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis caeruleonotus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cajamarcensis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cajanuma no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis calcaratus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis calcarulatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis caliginosus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis calima no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis caniari no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cantitans no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis capitonis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis caprifer no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis carlosceroni no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis carlossanchezi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis carmelitae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis carranguerorum no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis carvalhoi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis caryophyllaceus account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cedros no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis celator no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cerasinus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ceuthospilus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis chalceus account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis charlottevillensis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis chiastonotus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis chimu no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis chloronotus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis chocoensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis chomskyi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis chrysops no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis churuwiai no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cisnerosi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis citriogaster no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis colodactylus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis colomai account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis colonensis account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis colostichos no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis condor no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis conservatio no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis conspicillatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cordovae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis corniger no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis coronatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis corrugatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cosnipatae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cremnobates no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis crenunguis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cristinae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis croceoinguinis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis crucifer no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cruciocularis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cruentus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cryophilius no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cryptomelas no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cuentasi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis culatensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis cuneirostris no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis curtipes no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis danae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis degener account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis deinops no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis delicatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis delius no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis dendrobatoides no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis devillei no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis deyi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis diadematus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis diaphonus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis diogenes no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis dissimulatus account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis divnae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis dorado no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis dorsopictus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis duellmani no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis duende no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis dundeei no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ecuadorensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis elegans no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis enigmaticus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis epacrus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis eremitus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis eriphus account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ernesti no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis erythroinguinis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis erythropleura no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis erythros no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis esmeraldas account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis espedeus no account photos sound/video
Pristimantis eugeniae account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis euphronides account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis eurydactylus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis exoristus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis factiosus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis fallax no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis farisorum no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis fasciatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis fenestratus account photos sound/video
Pristimantis ferwerdai no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis festae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis fetosus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis flabellidiscus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis floridus account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis frater no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis gagliardoi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis gaigei no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis galdi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ganonotus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis geminus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis gentryi account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ginesi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis giorgii no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis gladiator account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis glandulosus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis gloria no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis gracilis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis gralarias no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis grandiceps no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis gryllus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis guaiquinimensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis gualacenio no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis gutturalis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis hamiotae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis hampatusami no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis hectus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis helvolus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis hernandezi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis hoogmoedi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis huicundo no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis humboldti no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis hybotragus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ignicolor no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis iiap no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis illotus account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis imitatrix no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis incanus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis incertus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis incomptus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis infraguttatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis inguinalis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis insignitus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis inusitatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ixalus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis jabonensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis jaguensis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis jaimei no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis jester no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis jimenezi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis johannesdei no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis jorgevelosai no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis juanchoi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis jubatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis kareliae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis katoptroides no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis kelephas no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis kichwarum no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis kirklandi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis koehleri no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis kuri no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis labiosus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lacrimosus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lancinii account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lanthanites no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lasalleorum no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis latericius no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis laticlavius no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis latidiscus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis latro no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lemur no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis leoni account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis leopardus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis leptolophus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis leucopus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis leucorrhinus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis librarius no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lichenoides no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis limoncochensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lindae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lirellus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lividus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis llanganati account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis llojsintuta no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis longicorpus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis loujosti no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis loustes no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lucasi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lucidosignatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis luscombei no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis luteolateralis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lutitus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lutzae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lymani no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lynchi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis lythrodes no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis maculosus account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis malkini no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis mallii no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis marahuaka no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis marcoreyesi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis mariaelenae account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis marmoratus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis mars no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis martiae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis matidiktyo no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis matildae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis mazar no account no photos sound/video
Pristimantis medemi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis megalops no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis melanogaster no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis melanoproctus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis memorans no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis mendax no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis meridionalis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis merostictus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis metabates no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis miktos no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis mindo no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis minimus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis minutulus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis miyatai no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis mnionaetes no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis moa no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis modipeplus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis molybrignus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis mondolfii no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis moro no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis muchimuk no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis multicolor no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis munozi no account no photos sound/video
Pristimantis muranunka no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis muricatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis muscosus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis museosus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis mutabilis account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis myersi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis myops no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis nangaritza no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis nankints no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis nelsongalloi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis nephophilus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis nervicus no account photos sound/video
Pristimantis nicefori no account photos sound/video
Pristimantis nietoi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis nigrogriseus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis nimbus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis nubisilva no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis nyctophylax no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis obmutescens no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ocellatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ockendeni account photos sound/video
Pristimantis ocreatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis olivaceus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis omeviridis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis onorei no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis orcesi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis orcus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis orestes no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ornatissimus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ornatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis orpacobates no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis orphnolaimus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ortizi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis padiali no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis padrecarlosi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pahuma no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis paisa no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis palmeri no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis paquishae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis paramerus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pardalinus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pardalis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis parectatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pariagnomus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis parvillus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pastazensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pataikos no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis paulodutrai no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis paululus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pecki no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pedimontanus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis penelopus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis peraticus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis percnopterus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis percultus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis permixtus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis peruvianus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis petersi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis petrobardus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis phalaroinguinis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis phalarus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pharangobates no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis philipi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis phoxocephalus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis phragmipleuron no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis piceus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pichincha no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pictus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pinchaque no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pinguis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pirrensis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis platychilus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis platydactylus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pleurostriatus no account photos sound/video
Pristimantis pluvialis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pluvian no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis polemistes no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis polychrus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis prolatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis prometeii no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis proserpens no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pruinatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pseudoacuminatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pteridophilus account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ptochus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pugnax no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis puipui no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pulchridormientes no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pulvinatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis punzan no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis puruscafeum no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pycnodermis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis pyrrhomerus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis quantus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis quaquaversus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis quicato no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis quinquagesimus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis quintanai no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis racemus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ramagii no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis reclusas no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis reichlei no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis renjiforum no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis repens no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis restrepoi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis reticulatus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rhabdocnemus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rhabdolaemus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rhigophilus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rhodoplichus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rhodostichus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ridens no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rivasi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis riveroi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis riveti no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis romanorum no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis romeroae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis roni no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rosadoi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis roseus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis royi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rozei no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rubicundus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ruedai no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rufioculis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ruidus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis rupicola no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ruthveni no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sacharuna no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sagittulus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis salaputium no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis saltissimus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis samaipatae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis samaniegoi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sambalan no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sanctaemartae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sanguineus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sarisarinama account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis satagius no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis saturninoi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis savagei no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis schultei no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis scitulus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis scoloblepharus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis scolodiscus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis scopaeus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis seorsus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis serendipitus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis shrevei no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis signifer no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis silverstonei no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis simonbolivari no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis simonsii no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis simoteriscus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis simoterus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sinschi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis siopelus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sirnigeli no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis skydmainos no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sneiderni no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sobetes no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis spectabilis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis spilogaster no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis spinosus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis stenodiscus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sternothylax no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis stictoboubonus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis stictogaster no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis stictus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis stipa account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis subsigillatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis suetus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis sulculus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis supernatis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis surdus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis susaguae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis taciturnus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis taeniatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tamsitti no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tantanti no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tanyrhynchus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tayrona no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis telefericus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tenebrionis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis terraebolivaris no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis terrapacis account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis teslai no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis thectopternus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis thyellus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis thymalopsoides no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis thymelensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tiktik no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tinajillas no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tinguichaca no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis toftae no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis torrenticola no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis torresi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis totoroi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis trachyblepharis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tribulosus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis truebae account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tubernasus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis tungurahua no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis turik no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis turpinorum no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis turumiquirensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis uisae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis unistrigatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis urani no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis uranobates no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis urichi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis vanadise no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis variabilis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis veletis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ventrigranulosus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ventriguttatus account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis ventrimarmoratus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis verecundus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis verrucolatus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis versicolor no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis vertebralis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis vicarius no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis vidua no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis viejas no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis vilarsi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis vilcabambae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis vinhai no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis viridicans no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis viridis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis w-nigrum no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis wagteri no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis walkeri no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis waoranii no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis wiensi no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis xeniolum no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis xestus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis xylochobates no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis yanezi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis yantzaza no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis yaviensis no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis yukpa no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis yumbo no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis yuruaniensis no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis yustizi no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis zeuctotylus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis zimmermanae account photos sound/video
Pristimantis zoilae no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis zophus no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis zorro no account no photos no sound/video
Pristimantis (Hypodictyon) adnus no account photos no sound/video
Pristimantis (Hypodictyon) almendariz no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Tachiramantis (4 species)    [subfamily Pristimantinae]
Tachiramantis douglasi no account no photos no sound/video
Tachiramantis lassoalcalai no account no photos no sound/video
Tachiramantis lentiginosus no account no photos no sound/video
Tachiramantis prolixodiscus no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Yunganastes (5 species)    [subfamily Pristimantinae]
Yunganastes ashkapara no account photos no sound/video
Yunganastes bisignatus no account photos no sound/video
Yunganastes fraudator account photos no sound/video
Yunganastes mercedesae account photos no sound/video
Yunganastes pluvicanorus no account photos no sound/video
Subfamily Strabomantinae (16 species)

Genus Strabomantis (16 species)    [subfamily Strabomantinae]
Strabomantis anatipes no account no photos no sound/video
Strabomantis anomalus no account photos no sound/video
Strabomantis biporcatus no account photos no sound/video
Strabomantis bufoniformis no account photos no sound/video
Strabomantis cadenai no account no photos no sound/video
Strabomantis cerastes account no photos no sound/video
Strabomantis cheiroplethus account no photos no sound/video
Strabomantis cornutus no account photos no sound/video
Strabomantis helonotus account no photos no sound/video
Strabomantis ingeri no account no photos no sound/video
Strabomantis laticorpus no account no photos no sound/video
Strabomantis necerus account photos no sound/video
Strabomantis necopinus no account no photos no sound/video
Strabomantis ruizi no account photos no sound/video
Strabomantis sulcatus no account photos no sound/video
Strabomantis zygodactylus no account no photos no sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: https://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed:

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