This species is restricted to Cordillera Vilcabamba, where it is known from two localities in the Region of Cusco: the type locality (Apurimac River Valley, Camisea Natural Gas Pipeline, 2,445 m asl) and from 40 km from Vilcabamba, at 2,850 m asl (Padial et al. 2012). The localities are separated by an airline distance of ca 60 km and constitute two distinct threat-defined locations. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 1,531 km2.
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits primary cloud forests, where individuals have been found on the ground. Reproduction occurs via direct development. A gravid female was found during the dry season, suggesting that the species may reproduce throughout the year (I. De la Riva pers. comm. 2008).
It is considered to be a rare species (J.M. Padial pers. comm. December 2009).
While there is some habitat loss due to agricultural activities, it is believed to be localized (J.M. Padial pers. comm. December 2009).
It does not occur in any protected areas. It is listed as Endangered (EN) in Peru and has legal protection provided by the Categorization in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna (Decreto Supremo Nº004-2014-MINAGRI), which bans all hunting, capture, possession, transport or export of the species for commercial purposes.
The creation of additional protected areas in the Andean piedmont is recommended (J.M. Padial pers. comm. December 2009).
More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status, ecology, and threats.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Endangered because of its extent of occurrence (EOO) of 1,531 km2, it occurs in two threat-defined locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat along the Cordillera Vilcabamba in the Peruvian Andes.
Oreobates lehri was initially ascribed to two distant populations, one in Cordillera Vilcabamba, which is now considered typical O. lehri, and one in the Andean hills of the Kosñipata Valley, to which is now assigned to O. gemcare (Padial et al. 2012). This is a restricted concept of O. lehri following the split of the broader concept into this and O. gemcare (Padial et al. 2012).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Oreobates lehri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T78526171A518002. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T78526171A518002.en .Downloaded on 23 January 2019