Oreobates zongoensis (Reichle & Köhler, 1997)
© 2003 Steffen Reichle (1 of 1)
Oreobates zongoensis is very similar to Oreobates cruralis. Oreobates cruralis however, is a dull brown color with more or less distinct darker markings, while O. zongoensis is a dark pinkish brown color without any markings. Oreobates cruralis has a bronze to golden colored iris, whereas O. zongoensis has an orange colored iris. The venter region for O. zongoensis is pinkish brown, while O. cruralis is a brown to cream color. Oreobates zongoensis can be distinguished from O. discoidalis by its color, strong dorsal tuberculation, odontophores posterior to choanae, and the absence of nuptial pads (Reichle and Köhler 1997). Oreobates zongoensis is also similar to O. simmonsi, but can be distinguished by having a head that is wider than long, smooth arms, and small and round supernumerary tubercles (Padial et al. 2008).
In life, both the head and dorsum of this species is a dark pinkish brown color without any marks or patterns. The iris is an orange color with black reticulum. The flanks and posterior surface of the thighs are also a uniform dark pinkish-brown color. The posterior hind limbs, as well as the upper surfaces of the fore limbs are a purple or brown color. The ventral side sides of the forelimbs and the chest are both pink. The ventral sides of the hind limbs are pinkish brown. The tips of the palmar and plantar tubercles are grey. In preservative, all the areas that are pinkish and purple in color turn to brown (Reichle and Köhler 1997).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bolivia
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
The genus Oreobates was resurrected in 2006 by Caramaschi and Canedo. However, Padial et al. (2008) state that O. zongoensis’ assignment to Oreobates is only tentative as it is only known from the holotype.
Oreobates zongoensis was given its name after the “Valle del Zongo” in Bolivia, which is where the holotype was collected.
No other individuals of this species have ever been found (Cortez et al. 2004)
Caramaschi U., Canedo C. (2006). ''Reassessment of the taxonomic status of the genera Ischnocnema Reinhardt and Lütken, 1862 and Oreobates Jimé nez de la Espada 1872, with notes on the synonymy of Leiuperus verrucosus Reinhardt and Lütken, 1862 (Anura: Leptodactylidae).'' Zootaxa , 116, 43-54.
Cortez, C., Reichle, S., De la Riva, I., Köhler, J. 2004. Oreobates zongoensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 27 April 2015.
Padial, J.M., Chaparro, J.C., De La Riva, I. (2008). "Systematics of Oreobates and the Eleutherodactylus discoidalis species group (Amphibia, Anura), based on two mitochondrial DNA genes and external morphology." Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 152(4), 737-773. [link]
Reichle, S., Köhler, J. (1997). ''A new species of Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from the Andean slopes of Bolivia.'' Amphibia-Reptilia, 18, 333-337.
Originally submitted by: Tamar Garcia (first posted 2015-06-18)
Edited by: Ann T. Chang (2018-09-23)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2018 Oreobates zongoensis <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/5600> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Mar 22, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 22 Mar 2023.
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