AmphibiaWeb - Microhylidae
AMPHIBIAWEB

Microhylidae

713 species in 58 genera

Commonly Called Narrow-mouthed Frogs


Gastrophryne carolinensis
Photo by Richard Sage
(Click for family gallery)

A large, complicated group, with more than 60 genera and over 600 species. These are mostly fossorial or terrestrial (with some arboreal) frogs distributed throughout the Americas, Asia (India and most of southeast Asia, to New Guinea), northern Australia, sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar, with the greatest number of species in Madagascar and Southeast Asia (van der Meijden et al. 2007). The microhylids display a variety of reproductive strategies including aquatic larvae, larvae without mouthparts and direct development. Species are similar in body plans through the presence of stout hind legs, short snouts, and globose bodies with a generalized teardrop shape. One of the more colorful microhylids is Dyscophus antongilii, known as the Tomato Frog due to to its rounded body (which becomes even more rounded when it inflates as it senses danger) and bright red color; this frog is native to Madagascar.

Bossuyt and Roelants (2009) proposed a taxonomy for anurans that would elevate microhylid subfamilies to families, since these clades are thought to have an ancient divergence time (late Cretaceous) based on analysis of molecular data. Given that time estimates are subject to revision depending on the particular modeling analysis used, and Bossuyt and Roelant's statement that "molecular time estimates for some anuran nodes are notably older than those derived from the fossil record", AmphibiaWeb is choosing to retain these microhylid clades as subfamilies rather than families.

Van der Meijden et al. (2007) found that the genus Otophryne was basal to microhylids and excluded it from the subfamily Microhylinae but did not assign this genus to another subfamily; we have here followed Frost (2009) in resurrecting the subfamily Otophryninae to hold this genus. We have also provisionally assigned the South American genera Adelastes, Altigius, Arcovomer, Hyophryne, Melanophryne, Myersiella, Relictivomer, Stereocyclops, and Syncope to the subfamily Gastrophryninae, which includes South American microhylids, although neither Frost (2006) nor van der Meijden et al. (2007) chose to assign these genera to subfamilies. We have followed Frost (2006) and Van der Meijden (2007) in leaving the Indonesian/Malaysian genera Gastrophrynoides and Phrynella unassigned as to subfamily, as well as the South American genus Synapturanus, which Van der Meijden et al. explicitly excluded from Gastrophryninae. For the newly described genus Paedophryne, we have followed Kraus (2010) in provisionally assigning this genus to the subfamily Asterophryinae.

The eleven subfamilies of Microhylidae recognized by AmphibiaWeb thus include:

1. Asterophryinae (Australia, mainly Papua New Guinea; direct development)
2. Cophylinae (Madagascar)
3. Dyscophinae (Madagascar)
4. Gastrophryninae (South America)
5. Hoplophryninae (Africa)
6. Kalophryninae (Asia)
7. Melanobatrachinae (Asia)
8. Microhylinae (Asia; this group has both endotrophic larvae and feeding, free-swimming larvae)
9. Otophryninae (South America)
10. Phrynomerinae (Africa)
11. Scaphiophryninae (Madagascar)

News Highlight
December 14, 2017: New species of amphibians continue to be described at a rate of about 2.9 species per week! Many of the newly discovered species lay eggs that develop directly without tadpoles and they typically have small to very small geographic ranges. Such is the case with the microhylid genus Stumpffia, endemic to Madagascar, a clade of mainly small to miniaturized frogs (a few are much larger than the others). A new paper by Rakotoarison et al. (2017) describes 26 new species based on a multidimensional analysis. The genus is highly diversified genetically as well as morphologically and there is also some variation in life history (See Stumpffia on AmphibiaWeb). Regrettably, 18 of the total of 41 species in this genus are recommended for classification as Endangered, and eight as Critically Endangered. The new species tend to come from what are literally the last wild places. (DW)
Written by AmphibiaWeb

Notable Family Characteristics

  • Terrestrial, aquatic, arboreal and some fossorial species, including cave-dwelling (Siamophryne troglodytes)
  • A variety of habitats, from deserts to wet tropical rain forests
  • A variety of reproductive strategies including aquatic larvae, larvae without mouthparts and direct development
  • Morphological characters for this group are: 1) cornified denticles absent in larvae; 2) glottis fully exposed in the buccal floor in larvae; 3) nares not perforated in larvae; 4) ventral velum divided medially in larvae; 5) two or three palatal folds in adults. Generally similar in body plan with stout hind legs, short snouts, and globose bodies with a generalized teardrop shape
  • Distribution widely in the Americas, Asia (India and most of southeast Asia, to New Guinea), northern Australia, sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar, with the greatest number of species in Madagascar and Southeast Asia
Microhylidae Richness map

Cartography Credit: Zoe Yoo, UC Berkeley
Range maps sources: AmphibiaWeb, UC Berkeley, and IUCN RedList

Relevant Reference

Bossuyt, F., and Roelants, K. (2009). "Frogs and toads (Anura)." In The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, eds. Oxford University Press, New York.

Kraus, F. (2010). New genus of diminutive microhylid frogs from Papua New Guinea. Zookeys 48: 39-59.

Pough, F. H., R. M. Andrews, M. L. Crump, A. H. Savitzky, K. D. Wells, and M. C. Brandley. 2015. Herpetology. Fourth Edition. Massachusetts: Sinauer.

Van der Meijden, A., Vences, M., Hoegg, S., Boistel, R., Channing, A., and Meyer, A. (2007). "Nuclear gene phylogeny of narrow-mouthed toads (Family: Microhylidae) and a discussion of competing hypotheses concerning their biogeographical origins." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 44, 1017-1030.

Vitt, L. J., and J. P. Caldwell. 2013. Herpetology. An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. Fourth Edition. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Subfamily Adelastinae (1 species)

Genus Adelastes (1 species)    [subfamily Adelastinae]
Adelastes hylonomos no account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Asterophryinae (346 species)

Genus Aphantophryne (3 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Aphantophryne minuta no account no photos no sound/video
Aphantophryne pansa no account no photos no sound/video
Aphantophryne sabini no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Asterophrys (7 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Asterophrys eurydactylus no account no photos no sound/video
Asterophrys foja no account no photos no sound/video
Asterophrys leucopus no account no photos no sound/video
Asterophrys marani no account no photos no sound/video
Asterophrys pullifer no account no photos no sound/video
Asterophrys slateri no account no photos no sound/video
Asterophrys turpicola account photos no sound/video

Genus Austrochaperina (30 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Austrochaperina adamantina account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina adelphe account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina alexanderi no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina aquilonia account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina archboldi account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina basipalmata no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina beehleri no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina blumi account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina brachypus no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina brevipes no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina derongo account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina fryi account photos sound/video
Austrochaperina fulva no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina gracilipes account photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina guttata account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina hooglandi no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina kosarek account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina laurae no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina macrorhyncha no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina mehelyi no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina minutissima no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina novaebritanniae account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina palmipes no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina parkeri no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina pluvialis account photos sound/video
Austrochaperina polysticta no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina rivularis no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina robusta account photos sound/video
Austrochaperina septentrionalis no account no photos no sound/video
Austrochaperina yelaensis no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Barygenys (9 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Barygenys apodasta no account no photos no sound/video
Barygenys atra no account no photos no sound/video
Barygenys cheesmanae no account no photos no sound/video
Barygenys exsul no account no photos no sound/video
Barygenys flavigularis no account no photos no sound/video
Barygenys maculata no account no photos no sound/video
Barygenys nana no account no photos no sound/video
Barygenys parvula no account no photos no sound/video
Barygenys resima no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Callulops (25 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Callulops argus account no photos no sound/video
Callulops bicolor account no photos no sound/video
Callulops boettgeri no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops comptus no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops doriae account no photos no sound/video
Callulops dubius no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops eremnosphax no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops fojaensis no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops fuscus no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops glandulosus no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops humicola no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops kopsteini no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops marmoratus no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops mediodiscus no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops microtis no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops neuhaussi account no photos no sound/video
Callulops omnistriatus no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops personatus no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops robustus no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops sagittatus no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops stellatus account no photos no sound/video
Callulops stictogaster no account no photos no sound/video
Callulops taxispilotus account no photos no sound/video
Callulops valvifer account no photos no sound/video
Callulops wilhelmanus no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Choerophryne (34 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Choerophryne alainduboisi no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne allisoni no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne alpestris no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne amomani no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne arndtorum no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne bickfordi no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne brevicrus no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne brunhildae no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne bryonopsis no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne burtoni no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne darlingtoni no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne epirrhina no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne exclamitans no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne fafniri no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne gracilirostris no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne grylloides no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne gudrunae no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne gunnari no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne laurini no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne longirostris no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne microps no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne murrita no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne nigrescens no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne pandanicola no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne pipiens no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne proboscidea no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne rhenaurum no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne rostellifer no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne sanguinopicta no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne siegfriedi no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne swanhildae no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne tubercula no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne valkuriarum no account no photos no sound/video
Choerophryne variegata no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Cophixalus (67 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Cophixalus aenigma no account photos no sound/video
Cophixalus albolineatus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus amabilis no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus ateles no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus australis no account photos no sound/video
Cophixalus balbus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus bewaniensis no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus biroi no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus bombiens account photos no sound/video
Cophixalus cateae no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus caverniphilus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus cheesmanae no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus clapporum no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus concinnus account no photos sound/video
Cophixalus crepitans account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus cryptotympanum no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus cupricarenus account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus daymani no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus desticans account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus exiguus account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus hannahae no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus hinchinbrookensis no account photos no sound/video
Cophixalus hosmeri account photos sound/video
Cophixalus humicola no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus infacetus account photos sound/video
Cophixalus interruptus account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus iovaorum account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus kaindiensis account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus kethuk account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus kulakula no account photos no sound/video
Cophixalus linnaeus account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus mcdonaldi account photos no sound/video
Cophixalus melanops account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus misimae no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus monosyllabus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus montanus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus monticola account photos sound/video
Cophixalus neglectus account photos no sound/video
Cophixalus nexipus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus nubicola no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus ornatus account photos sound/video
Cophixalus pakayakulangun no account photos no sound/video
Cophixalus parkeri no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus peninsularis account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus petrophilus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus phaeobalius account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus pictus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus pipilans account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus pulchellus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus rajampatensis no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus riparius no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus salawatiensis no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus saxatilis account photos no sound/video
Cophixalus shellyi no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus sphagnicola no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus tagulensis no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus tenuidactylus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus tetzlaffi no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus timidus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus tomaiodactylus account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus tridactylus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus variabilis no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus verecundus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus verrucosus no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus viridis no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus wempi no account no photos no sound/video
Cophixalus zweifeli account no photos no sound/video

Genus Copiula (12 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Copiula annanoreenae no account no photos no sound/video
Copiula bisyllaba no account no photos no sound/video
Copiula exspectata no account no photos no sound/video
Copiula fistulans no account no photos no sound/video
Copiula lennarti no account no photos no sound/video
Copiula major no account no photos no sound/video
Copiula minor no account no photos no sound/video
Copiula mosbyae no account no photos no sound/video
Copiula obsti account no photos no sound/video
Copiula oxyrhina no account no photos no sound/video
Copiula pipiens no account no photos no sound/video
Copiula tyleri no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Gastrophrynoides (2 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Gastrophrynoides borneensis no account photos no sound/video
Gastrophrynoides immaculatus no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Hylophorbus (12 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Hylophorbus atrifasciatus no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus infulata no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus nigrinus no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus picoides no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus proekes no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus rainerguentheri no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus richardsi no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus rufescens no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus sextus no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus sigridae no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus tetraphonus no account no photos no sound/video
Hylophorbus wondiwoi no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Mantophryne (5 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Mantophryne axanthogaster no account no photos no sound/video
Mantophryne insignis account no photos no sound/video
Mantophryne lateralis no account no photos no sound/video
Mantophryne louisiadensis no account no photos no sound/video
Mantophryne menziesi no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Oninia (1 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Oninia senglaubi no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Oreophryne (73 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Oreophryne albitympanum no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne albomaculata no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne albopunctata no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne alticola no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne ampelos no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne anamiatoi no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne anser no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne anthonyi no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne anulata no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne asplenicola no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne atrigularis no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne aurora no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne banshee no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne biroi no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne brachypus no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne brevicrus no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne brevirostris no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne brunnea account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne cameroni no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne celebensis no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne choerophrynoides no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne clamata no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne crucifer no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne curator no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne equus no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne ezra no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne flava no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne flavomaculata no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne frontifasciata no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne furu no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne gagneorum no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne geislerorum no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne geminus no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne graminus no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne habbemensis no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne hypsiops no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne idenburgensis no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne inornata no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne insulana no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne jeffersoniana no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne kampeni no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne kapisa no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne lemur no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne loriae no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne matawan no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne meliades no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne mertoni no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne minuta no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne moluccensis no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne monticola no account photos no sound/video
Oreophryne nana no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne nicolasi no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne notata account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne oviprotector no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne parkeri no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne parkopanorum no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne penelopeia no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne philosylleptoris no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne phoebe no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne picticrus no account photos sound/video
Oreophryne pseudasplenicola no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne pseudunicolor no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne roedeli no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne rookmaakeri no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne sibilans no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne streiffeleri no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne terrestris no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne unicolor no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne variabilis no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne waira no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne wapoga no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne wolterstorffi no account no photos no sound/video
Oreophryne zimmeri no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Paedophryne (6 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Paedophryne amauensis account no photos no sound/video
Paedophryne dekot no account no photos no sound/video
Paedophryne kathismaphlox no account no photos no sound/video
Paedophryne oyatabu no account no photos no sound/video
Paedophryne swiftorum no account no photos no sound/video
Paedophryne verrucosa no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Siamophryne (1 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Siamophryne troglodytes account photos no sound/video

Genus Sphenophryne (15 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Sphenophryne allisoni no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne alpestris no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne brevicrus no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne coggeri no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne cornuta no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne crassa no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne dentata no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne magnitympanum no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne miniafia account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne rhododactyla no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne rubra no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne schlaginhaufeni no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne similis no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne stenodactyla no account no photos no sound/video
Sphenophryne thomsoni account no photos no sound/video

Genus Vietnamophryne (4 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Vietnamophryne inexpectata no account no photos no sound/video
Vietnamophryne occidentalis account no photos no sound/video
Vietnamophryne orlovi no account no photos no sound/video
Vietnamophryne vuquangensis no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Xenorhina (40 species)    [subfamily Asterophryinae]
Xenorhina adisca no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina anorbis no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina arboricola no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina arfakiana no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina arndti no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina bidens no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina bouwensi no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina brachyrhyncha no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina eiponis no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina fuscigula no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina gigantea no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina huon no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina lacrimosa no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina lanthanites no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina macrodisca no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina macrops no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina mehelyi no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina minima no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina multisica no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina obesa no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina ocellata no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina ophiodon no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina oxycephala no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina parkerorum no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina perexigua no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina pohleorum no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina rostrata no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina salawati no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina scheepstrai no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina schiefenhoeveli no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina similis no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina subcrocea no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina thiekeorum no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina tillacki no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina tumulus no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina varia no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina waigeo no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina wiegankorum no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina woxvoldi no account no photos no sound/video
Xenorhina zweifeli account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Cophylinae (114 species)

Genus Anilany (1 species)    [subfamily Cophylinae]
Anilany helenae account photos sound/video

Genus Anodonthyla (12 species)    [subfamily Cophylinae]
Anodonthyla boulengerii account photos sound/video
Anodonthyla emilei no account no photos no sound/video
Anodonthyla eximia no account photos no sound/video
Anodonthyla hutchisoni no account photos no sound/video
Anodonthyla jeanbai no account no photos no sound/video
Anodonthyla montana account photos no sound/video
Anodonthyla moramora account photos sound/video
Anodonthyla nigrigularis account photos sound/video
Anodonthyla pollicaris no account no photos no sound/video
Anodonthyla rouxae account photos no sound/video
Anodonthyla theoi no account no photos no sound/video
Anodonthyla vallani no account photos no sound/video

Genus Cophyla (7 species)    [subfamily Cophylinae]
Cophyla berara account photos sound/video
Cophyla fortuna no account no photos no sound/video
Cophyla maharipeo no account photos no sound/video
Cophyla noromalalae no account photos no sound/video
Cophyla occultans account photos sound/video
Cophyla phyllodactyla account photos sound/video
Cophyla puellarum no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Madecassophryne (1 species)    [subfamily Cophylinae]
Madecassophryne truebae account no photos no sound/video

Genus Mini (3 species)    [subfamily Cophylinae]
Mini ature no account no photos no sound/video
Mini mum no account photos no sound/video
Mini scule no account photos no sound/video

Genus Platypelis (16 species)    [subfamily Cophylinae]
Platypelis alticola account no photos no sound/video
Platypelis ando no account photos no sound/video
Platypelis barbouri account photos sound/video
Platypelis cowanii account no photos no sound/video
Platypelis grandis account photos sound/video
Platypelis karenae account no photos no sound/video
Platypelis laetus no account no photos no sound/video
Platypelis mavomavo account photos no sound/video
Platypelis milloti account photos sound/video
Platypelis olgae account no photos no sound/video
Platypelis pollicaris account photos sound/video
Platypelis ranjomena no account photos no sound/video
Platypelis ravus no account no photos no sound/video
Platypelis tetra account photos sound/video
Platypelis tsaratananaensis account photos no sound/video
Platypelis tuberifera account photos sound/video

Genus Plethodontohyla (12 species)    [subfamily Cophylinae]
Plethodontohyla alluaudi account photos sound/video
Plethodontohyla angulifera no account no photos no sound/video
Plethodontohyla bipunctata account photos no sound/video
Plethodontohyla brevipes account photos no sound/video
Plethodontohyla fonetana no account photos no sound/video
Plethodontohyla guentheri account photos no sound/video
Plethodontohyla inguinalis account photos no sound/video
Plethodontohyla laevis no account no photos no sound/video
Plethodontohyla mihanika account photos no sound/video
Plethodontohyla notosticta account photos sound/video
Plethodontohyla ocellata account photos no sound/video
Plethodontohyla tuberata account photos no sound/video

Genus Rhombophryne (20 species)    [subfamily Cophylinae]
Rhombophryne botabota no account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne coronata account photos sound/video
Rhombophryne coudreaui account photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne diadema no account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne ellae account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne guentherpetersi account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne laevipes account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne longicrus no account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne mangabensis no account photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne matavy account photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne minuta account no photos sound/video
Rhombophryne nilevina no account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne ornata no account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne proportionalis no account photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne regalis no account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne savaka no account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne serratopalpebrosa account photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne tany no account no photos no sound/video
Rhombophryne testudo account photos sound/video
Rhombophryne vaventy no account photos no sound/video

Genus Stumpffia (42 species)    [subfamily Cophylinae]
Stumpffia achillei no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia analamaina account photos sound/video
Stumpffia analanjirofo no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia angeluci no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia be account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia betampona no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia contumelia no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia davidattenboroughi account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia diutissima no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia dolchi no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia edmondsi no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia froschaueri no account no photos no sound/video
Stumpffia fusca no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia garraffoi no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia gimmeli account photos sound/video
Stumpffia grandis account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia hara no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia huwei no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia iharana no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia jeannoeli no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia kibomena no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia larinki no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia madagascariensis no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia makira no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia maledicta no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia mamitika no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia megsoni no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia meikeae no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia miery no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia miovaova no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia nigrorubra no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia obscoena no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia pardus no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia psologlossa account photos sound/video
Stumpffia pygmaea account photos sound/video
Stumpffia roseifemoralis account photos sound/video
Stumpffia sorata no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia spandei no account photos sound/video
Stumpffia staffordi no account photos no sound/video
Stumpffia tetradactyla account photos sound/video
Stumpffia tridactyla account photos sound/video
Stumpffia yanniki no account photos no sound/video
Subfamily Dyscophinae (3 species)

Genus Dyscophus (3 species)    [subfamily Dyscophinae]
Dyscophus antongilii account photos sound/video
Dyscophus guineti account photos sound/video
Dyscophus insularis account photos sound/video
Subfamily Gastrophryninae (80 species)

Genus Arcovomer (1 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Arcovomer passarellii no account photos sound/video

Genus Chiasmocleis (35 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Chiasmocleis alagoanus no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis albopunctata no account photos sound/video
Chiasmocleis altomontana no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis anatipes no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis antenori no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis atlantica no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis avilapiresae account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis bassleri no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis bicegoi no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis capixaba no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis carvalhoi no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis centralis no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis cordeiroi no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis crucis no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis devriesi account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis gnoma no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis haddadi no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis hudsoni no account photos sound/video
Chiasmocleis lacrimae no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis leucosticta no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis magnova no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis mantiqueira no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis mehelyi no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis migueli no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis papachibe no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis parkeri no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis quilombola no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis royi no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis sapiranga no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis schubarti no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis shudikarensis no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis supercilialba no account no photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis tridactyla no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis ventrimaculata no account photos no sound/video
Chiasmocleis veracruz no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Ctenophryne (6 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Ctenophryne aequatorialis no account no photos no sound/video
Ctenophryne aterrima account photos no sound/video
Ctenophryne barbatula no account no photos no sound/video
Ctenophryne carpish no account no photos no sound/video
Ctenophryne geayi no account photos no sound/video
Ctenophryne minor no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Dasypops (1 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Dasypops schirchi no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Dermatonotus (1 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Dermatonotus muelleri account photos sound/video

Genus Elachistocleis (20 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Elachistocleis araios no account no photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis bicolor no account photos sound/video
Elachistocleis bumbameuboi no account no photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis carvalhoi no account no photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis cesarii no account photos sound/video
Elachistocleis corumbaensis no account no photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis erythrogaster account photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis haroi no account photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis helianneae no account photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis magnus no account photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis matogrosso no account no photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis muiraquitan no account photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis nigrogularis no account no photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis ovalis no account photos sound/video
Elachistocleis panamensis no account photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis pearsei no account photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis piauiensis no account photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis skotogaster no account no photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis surinamensis no account photos no sound/video
Elachistocleis surumu no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Gastrophryne (4 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Gastrophryne carolinensis account photos no sound/video
Gastrophryne elegans account photos no sound/video
Gastrophryne mazatlanensis no account photos no sound/video
Gastrophryne olivacea account photos sound/video

Genus Hamptophryne (2 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Hamptophryne alios no account photos no sound/video
Hamptophryne boliviana no account photos no sound/video

Genus Hypopachus (5 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Hypopachus barberi no account photos no sound/video
Hypopachus guancasco no account photos no sound/video
Hypopachus pictiventris account photos no sound/video
Hypopachus ustus account photos no sound/video
Hypopachus variolosus account photos no sound/video

Genus Myersiella (1 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Myersiella microps account photos no sound/video

Genus Stereocyclops (4 species)    [subfamily Gastrophryninae]
Stereocyclops histrio no account photos no sound/video
Stereocyclops incrassatus no account photos no sound/video
Stereocyclops palmipes no account no photos no sound/video
Stereocyclops parkeri no account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Hoplophryninae (3 species)

Genus Hoplophryne (2 species)    [subfamily Hoplophryninae]
Hoplophryne rogersi no account photos no sound/video
Hoplophryne uluguruensis no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Parhoplophryne (1 species)    [subfamily Hoplophryninae]
Parhoplophryne usambarica no account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Kalophryninae (28 species)

Genus Kalophrynus (28 species)    [subfamily Kalophryninae]
Kalophrynus anya no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus baluensis no account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus barioensis no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus bunguranus no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus calciphilus no account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus cryptophonus no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus dringi no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus eok no account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus heterochirus no account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus honbaensis no account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus interlineatus no account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus intermedius no account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus kiewi no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus limbooliati no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus meizon no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus menglienicus no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus minusculus account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus nubicola no account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus orangensis account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus palmatissimus no account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus pleurostigma account photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus puncak no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus punctatus no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus robinsoni no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus sinensis no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus subterrestris no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus tiomanensis no account no photos no sound/video
Kalophrynus yongi no account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Melanobatrachinae (1 species)

Genus Melanobatrachus (1 species)    [subfamily Melanobatrachinae]
Melanobatrachus indicus account photos no sound/video
Subfamily Microhylinae (110 species)

Genus Chaperina (1 species)    [subfamily Microhylinae]
Chaperina fusca no account photos no sound/video

Genus Glyphoglossus (9 species)    [subfamily Microhylinae]
Glyphoglossus brooksii no account no photos no sound/video
Glyphoglossus capsus no account photos no sound/video
Glyphoglossus flavus no account photos no sound/video
Glyphoglossus guttulatus no account photos no sound/video
Glyphoglossus minutus no account photos no sound/video
Glyphoglossus molossus no account photos no sound/video
Glyphoglossus smithi no account photos no sound/video
Glyphoglossus volzi no account no photos no sound/video
Glyphoglossus yunnanensis no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Kaloula (19 species)    [subfamily Microhylinae]
Kaloula assamensis no account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula aureata no account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula baleata account photos no sound/video
Kaloula borealis account photos no sound/video
Kaloula conjuncta no account photos no sound/video
Kaloula ghoshi no account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula indochinensis account photos no sound/video
Kaloula kalingensis account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula kokacii no account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula latidisca no account photos no sound/video
Kaloula macrocephala no account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula mediolineata no account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula nonggangensis no account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula picta account photos no sound/video
Kaloula pulchra account photos sound/video
Kaloula rigida no account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula rugifera no account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula verrucosa no account no photos no sound/video
Kaloula walteri no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Metaphrynella (2 species)    [subfamily Microhylinae]
Metaphrynella pollicaris no account photos sound/video
Metaphrynella sundana account photos no sound/video

Genus Microhyla (54 species)    [subfamily Microhylinae]
Microhyla achatina account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla annamensis no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla annectens no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla arboricola account photos no sound/video
Microhyla aurantiventris no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla beilunensis no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla berdmorei no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla borneensis account photos no sound/video
Microhyla butleri no account photos sound/video
Microhyla chakrapanii no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla daklakensis no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla darevskii no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla darreli no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla eos no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla fanjingshanensis no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla fissipes account photos sound/video
Microhyla fodiens no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla heymonsi no account photos sound/video
Microhyla hongiaoensis no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla irrawaddy no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla karunaratnei account photos no sound/video
Microhyla kodial no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla kuramotoi no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla laterite no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla maculifera no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla malang no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla mantheyi no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla marmorata no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla mihintalei account photos no sound/video
Microhyla minuta no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla mixtura no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla mukhlesuri no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla mymensinghensis no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla nanapollexa no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla neglecta no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla nepenthicola no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla nilphamariensis account photos no sound/video
Microhyla ninhthuanensis no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla okinavensis no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla orientalis no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla ornata account photos no sound/video
Microhyla palmipes account photos no sound/video
Microhyla perparva no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla petrigena no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla picta no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla pineticola no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla pulchella no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla pulchra no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla rubra no account photos no sound/video
Microhyla sholigari no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla superciliaris no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla taraiensis no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla tetrix no account no photos no sound/video
Microhyla zeylanica no account photos no sound/video

Genus Micryletta (10 species)    [subfamily Microhylinae]
Micryletta aishani no account photos no sound/video
Micryletta dissimulans no account no photos no sound/video
Micryletta erythropoda no account photos no sound/video
Micryletta hekouensis no account no photos no sound/video
Micryletta immaculata no account no photos no sound/video
Micryletta inornata no account photos no sound/video
Micryletta lineata no account no photos no sound/video
Micryletta nigromaculata no account photos no sound/video
Micryletta steinegeri account photos no sound/video
Micryletta sumatrana no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Mysticellus (1 species)    [subfamily Microhylinae]
Mysticellus franki account no photos no sound/video

Genus Phrynella (1 species)    [subfamily Microhylinae]
Phrynella pulchra no account photos no sound/video

Genus Uperodon (13 species)    [subfamily Microhylinae]
Uperodon anamalaiensis no account photos no sound/video
Uperodon globulosus account photos no sound/video
Uperodon minor no account no photos no sound/video
Uperodon montanus no account no photos no sound/video
Uperodon mormorata no account photos no sound/video
Uperodon nagaoi account photos no sound/video
Uperodon obscurus no account photos sound/video
Uperodon palmatus no account photos no sound/video
Uperodon rohani account photos no sound/video
Uperodon systoma account photos no sound/video
Uperodon taprobanicus account photos sound/video
Uperodon triangularis no account photos no sound/video
Uperodon variegatus account photos no sound/video
Subfamily Otophryninae (9 species)

Genus Otophryne (3 species)    [subfamily Otophryninae]
Otophryne pyburni account photos no sound/video
Otophryne robusta no account no photos no sound/video
Otophryne steyermarki no account photos no sound/video

Genus Synapturanus (6 species)    [subfamily Otophryninae]
Synapturanus ajuricaba no account no photos no sound/video
Synapturanus mesomorphus no account no photos no sound/video
Synapturanus mirandaribeiroi no account no photos sound/video
Synapturanus rabus no account photos no sound/video
Synapturanus salseri account photos sound/video
Synapturanus zombie no account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Phrynomerinae (6 species)

Genus Phrynomantis (6 species)    [subfamily Phrynomerinae]
Phrynomantis affinis no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynomantis annectens no account photos no sound/video
Phrynomantis bifasciatus account photos no sound/video
Phrynomantis microps account photos sound/video
Phrynomantis newtoni no account no photos no sound/video
Phrynomantis somalicus no account no photos no sound/video
Subfamily Scaphiophryninae (12 species)

Genus Paradoxophyla (2 species)    [subfamily Scaphiophryninae]
Paradoxophyla palmata account photos sound/video
Paradoxophyla tiarano account photos no sound/video

Genus Scaphiophryne (10 species)    [subfamily Scaphiophryninae]
Scaphiophryne boribory account photos sound/video
Scaphiophryne brevis account photos sound/video
Scaphiophryne calcarata account photos no sound/video
Scaphiophryne gottlebei account photos no sound/video
Scaphiophryne madagascariensis account photos sound/video
Scaphiophryne marmorata account photos no sound/video
Scaphiophryne matsoko account photos no sound/video
Scaphiophryne menabensis account photos no sound/video
Scaphiophryne obscura no account no photos no sound/video
Scaphiophryne spinosa account photos sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: https://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed:

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