Phrynella pulchra
family: Microhylidae
subfamily: Microhylinae

© 2017 Zaharil Dzulkafly (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Indonesia, Malaysia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is found in Indonesia at low altitudes on Siberut, Tanah Masa, Sipora, Pini and Sumatra, and in Peninsular Malaysia (from Johor to Kedah). There is a new record from Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary at 700m asl in Narathiwat Province, in extreme southern Thailand (Yodchaiy Chuaynkern pers. comm.).

Habitat and Ecology

This species inhabits rainforest at low to medium altitudes, including forest edges. In Thailand it has been found in clearings in the forest. They can live up to 30m above the ground in trees where they are very difficult to find, which might explain the relatively small number of records. They breed in temporary forest pools.


It is uncommon but has been recorded from several locations in all three countries in recent years. Normally only a few specimens are collected at a time.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Forest degradation is likely to be the major threat to this species, since it does not appear to survive in severely degraded habitats.

Conservation Actions

More information is needed before realistic conservation measures can be formulated for this species. Better management of Templer's Park, Selangor, would benefit the population there, and options to designate Gunung Benom a protected area should be explored. It occurs in several protected areas on Sumatra.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Norsham Yaakob, Djoko Iskandar, Leong Tzi Ming, Yodchaiy Chuaynkern, Mumpuni 2004. Phrynella pulchra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57948A11707147. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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