Rhombophryne ornata
family: Microhylidae
subfamily: Cophylinae
Species Description: Scherz MD, Ruthensteiner B, Vieites DR, Vences M, Glaw F 2015 Two new microhylid frogs of the genus Rhombophryne with superciliary spines from the Tsaratanana Massif in northern Madagascar. Herpetologica 71: 310-321.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Madagascar



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is a microendemic that occurs in Tsaratanana Massif in northern Madagascar, at around 2,021 m asl (Scherz et al. 2015). Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 1,236 km2, although this is thought to be an overestimation of its range and further studies may restrict its distribution (M.D. Scherz pers. comm. November 2015).

Habitat and Ecology

This species occurs in primary rainforest, where individuals were found under rocks and logs in a dried up spring (Scherz et al. 2015). It presumably breeds by larval development and has non-feeding tadpoles, similar to other species in the genus.


This species is known from 8 specimens. Due to ongoing declines in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.

Population Trend


Major Threats

This species is under threat from deforestation caused by agriculture activities and logging, particularly around the edges of the forest. The boundaries of Tsaratanana Strict Nature Reserve are ambiguous which makes the management of this area difficult.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species occurs in the Tsaratanana Strict Nature Reserve.

Conservation Needed
Improved management of the reserve and the formal protection of the corridor between Tsaratanana and Marojejy is required.

Research Needed
Research is required on the distribution and ecology of this species.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 1,236 km2, it is only known from one threat-defined location and there is ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2016. Rhombophryne ornata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T86466943A86466946. .Downloaded on 19 February 2019


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