Anodonthyla rouxae
family: Microhylidae
subfamily: Cophylinae

© 2008 Miguel Vences and Frank Glaw (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

M 24-29 mm, F 24-28 mm. Tympanum rather indistinct, 1/2 of eye diameter. Tibiotarsal articulation reaches at least the tympanum. Toe 3 as long as, or shorter than, toe 5. Forelimbs with spine-like projection in males. Skin smooth. Dorsal colour variable, brown with different dark or light markings. Ventrally whitish with black colour on the throat of males (Glaw and Vences 2007).

Similar species: Larger than most other Anodonthyla (Glaw and Vences 2007).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Madagascar


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
Species has a very small range in south-eastern Madagascar, in the Anosy Mountains, at 1900m asl, which is close to the mountain summit at 1959m asl. It apparently does not occur at Andohahela (Nussbaum and Raxworthy 2008).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Habits: Males call at night from high-elevational bamboo forest. Eggs in water-filled bamboo trunks of 1.5-2 cm diameter, guarded by the male (Glaw and Vences 2007). 13-50 eggs with a diameter of 2.5 mm in bamboo trunks and leaf axils of Pandanus were found (Glaw and Vences 1994).

Trends and Threats
Species is listed as endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 5000 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is likely to be continuing decline in the extent and quality of its bamboo forest habitat in southeastern Madagascar (Nussbuam and Raxworthy 2008).

The main threat is likely to be habitat loss due to subsistence agriculture, timber extraction, charcoal manufacture, spread of invasive eucalyptus, livestock grazing, fires, and expanding human settlements. However, as a mountain-top species, it could also be at risk from global warming (Nussbuam and Raxworthy 2008).

It is not known to occur in any protected areas, and the habitat of the Anosy Mountains is in urgent need of protection (Nussbuam and Raxworthy 2008).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

General habitat alteration and loss
Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Intensified agriculture or grazing
Subtle changes to necessary specialized habitat
Climate change, increased UVB or increased sensitivity to it, etc.

Taken with permission from Glaw and Vences (1994, 2007) and Nussbaum and Raxworthy (2008).


Glaw, F. and Vences, M. (1994). A Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Bonn.

Glaw, F., and Vences, M. (2007). Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences and Glaw Verlag, Köln.

Nussbaum, R. and Raxworthy, C. (2008). Anodonthyla rouxae. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 01 May 2009.

Written by Miguel Vences and Frank Glaw (m.vences AT, Assistant Professor and Curator of Vertebrates at the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Zoological Museum at the University of Amsterdam
First submitted 2002-01-28
Edited by Catherine Aguilar (2010-07-18)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Anodonthyla rouxae <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed May 31, 2020.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2020. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 31 May 2020.

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