Species Description: Kraus F, Allison A 2009 New species of Cophixalus (Anura: Microhylidae) from Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa 2128: 1-38.
Color pattern is quite variable between individuals. The dorsum may be tan with two black forward-pointing chevrons, or dark tan with irregular dark brown blotches, light unmarked reddish brown or unmarked orange-brown, light brown with a tan vertebral stripe, or brown speckled with black. The face may be black or dark brown and the lower jaw may be dark brown. If no face mask, a vague line may be present between the eyes. A dark lateral stripe may run from the eye to mid-body. Forearm may be burnt orange with dark bands. Legs may be gray with a few burnt-orange tubercles, or dark tan with small dark brown blotches, and chocolate brown on the rear thigh surfaces. A tan stripe may be present on the back of each shank, or the shanks may be dark brown, or the posterior shank may have a yellow-orange wash. Venter may be gray with lighter flecks and dark punctations on the chin and throat, or light-yellow gray on the belly with paired black pectoral spots, or unpigmented but flecked with light or dark gray, or purple-gray. Groin may have a yellow-orange wash. Iris may be dark brown, reddish brown, or orange.
In preservative, the dorsal color may be uniform light tan, or tan with darker chevrons on the suprascapular region and at midbody, or medium brown, clouded with darker brown flecks or indistinct darker brown mottling. A few specimens have a narrow, light tan vertebral stripe. Sides are brown with an irregular dark brown lateral band that runs from behind the eye to midbody. Sides have white flecking below and posterior to the lateral band. Head has a darker blotch between and posterior to the eyes. Tympanum is light brown; a small dark brown region with white specks is present just below the lighter tympanum. The margin of the jaw is dark brown with tiny white flecks. Arms are tan with dark brown spots; the upper arm has a dark brown bar on the anterior surface, and there is a distinct darker brown band at the wrist. Legs are medium brown with darker mottling. The venter is dirty white with dense brown stippling on the chin, throat, and chest, while the abdomen is sparsely stippled. The chest has paired dark-brown spots. The iris is black with bronze stippling and a silver ring around the pupil (Kraus and Allison 2009).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Papua New Guinea
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Kraus, F., and Allison, A. (2009). ''New species of Cophixalus (Anura: Microhylidae) from Papua New Guinea.'' Zootaxa, 2128, 1-38.
Written by Stephanie Ung (stephanieung AT berkeley.edu), UC Berkeley
First submitted 2009-10-08
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2009-10-14)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2009 Cophixalus desticans <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/7341> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Feb 27, 2021.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2021. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 27 Feb 2021.
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