Bolitoglossa anthracina
Coal Black Salamander
Subgenus: Eladinea
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2010 Division of Herpetology, University of Kansas (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None



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B.anthracina is a large, moderately robust, uniformly black salamander with digits that have very little webbing . It differs from other large black salamanders in Panama and Costa Rica because it has a large number of maxillary teeth. The standard length of the species reaches more than 70 mm, and is 4.4 times head length and 7 times head width. The snout has small proturberances at the termination of the nasolabial grooves. The nostrils and eyes are small. Teeth are numerous (more than 24 vomerine and 66 maxillary teeth). The limbs are only moderately long, and the hands and feet have short, blunt digit tips. There is little webbing, and the fingers (in order of decreasing length) are 3-4-2-1; toes are 3-4-2-5-1. Tails are longer than SL. The salamander is uniformly black except for the palms and soles, which are gray.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Panama


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The species is found in the Carribean Tropical Premontane Rainforest in western Panama and near the border of Costa Rica. The elevational range for this species is from 1100-1450 m.

B. anthracina may occur in sympatry with B. robusta and B. colonnea. The species name is derived from the Greek word anthrakinos, meaning coal-black, in reference to the dark coloration of this salamander. This species occurs in cloud forests that remain moderately inaccessible and the species is known only from three specimens.


Brame, A. H., Jr., Savage, J. M., Wake, D. B. and Hanken, J. (2001). ''New species of large black salamander, genus Bolitoglossa (Plethodontidae) from western Panama.'' Copeia, 2001(3), 700-704.

Written by Ambika Sopory (shambika AT, UC Berkeley
First submitted 2001-10-08
Edited by Ambika Sopory (2001-10-12)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2001 Bolitoglossa anthracina: Coal Black Salamander <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jul 6, 2020.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2020. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 6 Jul 2020.

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