AmphibiaWeb - Odontophrynidae
AMPHIBIAWEB

Odontophrynidae

53 species in 3 genera

Commonly Called Smooth Horned Frog, Ground Frogs, Escuerzo or Forest Frogs


Odontophrynus cultripes
Photo by Ariovaldo Giaretta
(Click for family gallery)

These small to medium frogs are robust bodied with generally round, wide, sometimes large, heads. Species range in a variety of habitats but are generally terrestrial living in open grassland areas to forests, but requires water, standing or moving, to lay eggs and for larvae.

The current organization of this family was first recognized in 2011 (Pyron and Weins).

Written by AmphibiaWeb

Notable Family Characteristics

  • Terrestrial in a variety of habitats from open grasslands to marshes to forests
  • Some species are fossorial
  • Some species are explosive breeders
  • Lays eggs in water, which hatch into tadpoles
  • Distribution limited to southern and eastern South America
Odontophrynidae Richness map

Cartography Credit: Zoe Yoo, UC Berkeley
Range maps sources: AmphibiaWeb, UC Berkeley, and IUCN RedList

Relevant Reference

Pyron, R. A., and J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of advanced frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

Dias, P. H. dos S., R. C. Amaro, A. M. P. T. de Carvalho-e-Silva, and M. T. Rodrigues. 2013. Two new species of Proceratophrys Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920 (Anura; Odontophrynidae) from the Atlantic forest, with taxonomic remarks on the genus. Zootaxa 3682: 277–304.

Genus Macrogenioglottus (1 species)
Macrogenioglottus alipioi no account photos no sound/video

Genus Odontophrynus (10 species)
Odontophrynus americanus account photos sound/video
Odontophrynus carvalhoi no account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus cordobae no account no photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus cultripes account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus juquinha no account photos sound/video
Odontophrynus lavillai no account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus maisuma no account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus monachus no account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus occidentalis account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus reigi no account no photos no sound/video

Genus Proceratophrys (42 species)
Proceratophrys appendiculata no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys ararype account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys avelinoi no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys bagnoi no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys belzebul no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys bigibbosa no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys boiei account photos sound/video
Proceratophrys branti no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys brauni no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys carranca no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys concavitympanum no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys cristiceps no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys cururu no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys dibernardoi no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys gladius no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys goyana no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys huntingtoni no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys itamari no account no photos sound/video
Proceratophrys izecksohni no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys kaingang no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys korekore no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys laticeps no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys mantiqueira no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys melanopogon account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys minuta no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys moehringi no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys moratoi account photos sound/video
Proceratophrys palustris no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys paviotii no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys phyllostomus no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys pombali no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys redacta no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys renalis no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys rondonae no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys rotundipalpebra no account photos sound/video
Proceratophrys salvatori no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys sanctaritae no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys schirchi no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys strussmannae no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys subguttata no account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys tupinambis no account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys vielliardi no account photos no sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: https://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed:

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