54 species in 3 genera
Commonly Called Smooth Horned Frog, Ground Frogs, Escuerzo or Forest Frogs
Photo by Ariovaldo Giaretta
(Click for family gallery)
These small to medium frogs are robust bodied with generally round, wide, sometimes large, heads. Species range in a variety of habitats but are generally terrestrial living in open grassland areas to forests, but requires water, standing or moving, to lay eggs and for larvae.
The current organization of this family was first recognized in 2011 (Pyron and Weins).Written by AmphibiaWeb
Notable Family Characteristics
- Terrestrial in a variety of habitats from open grasslands to marshes to forests
- Some species are fossorial
- Some species are explosive breeders
- Lays eggs in water, which hatch into tadpoles
- Distribution limited to southern and eastern South America
Cartography Credit: Zoe Yoo, UC Berkeley
Range maps sources: AmphibiaWeb, UC Berkeley, and IUCN RedList
Pyron, R. A., and J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of advanced frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.
Dias, P. H. dos S., R. C. Amaro, A. M. P. T. de Carvalho-e-Silva, and M. T. Rodrigues. 2013. Two new species of Proceratophrys Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920 (Anura; Odontophrynidae) from the Atlantic forest, with taxonomic remarks on the genus. Zootaxa 3682: 277–304.
Genus Macrogenioglottus (1 species)
Macrogenioglottus alipioi no account photos no sound/video
Genus Odontophrynus (11 species)
Odontophrynus americanus account photos sound/video Odontophrynus asper no account no photos no sound/video Odontophrynus carvalhoi no account photos no sound/video Odontophrynus cordobae no account no photos no sound/video Odontophrynus cultripes account photos no sound/video Odontophrynus juquinha account photos sound/video Odontophrynus lavillai no account photos no sound/video Odontophrynus maisuma no account photos no sound/video Odontophrynus monachus no account photos no sound/video Odontophrynus reigi no account no photos no sound/video Odontophrynus toledoi no account no photos no sound/video
Genus Proceratophrys (42 species)
Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: https://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed:
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