AMPHIBIAWEB

Odontophrynidae

54 species in 3 genera

Commonly Called Smooth Horned Frog, Ground Frogs, Escuerzo or Forest Frogs


Odontophrynus cultripes
Photo by Ariovaldo Giaretta
(Click for family gallery)

These small to medium frogs are robust bodied with generally round, wide, sometimes large, heads. Species range in a variety of habitats but are generally terrestrial living in open grassland areas to forests, but requires water, standing or moving, to lay eggs and for larvae.

The current organization of this family was first recognized in 2011 (Pyron and Weins).

Written by AmphibiaWeb

Notable Family Characteristics

  • Terrestrial in a variety of habitats from open grasslands to marshes to forests
  • Some species are fossorial
  • Some species are explosive breeders
  • Lays eggs in water, which hatch into tadpoles
  • Distribution limited to southern and eastern South America

Relevant Reference

Pyron, R. A., and J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of advanced frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

Dias, P. H. dos S., R. C. Amaro, A. M. P. T. de Carvalho-e-Silva, and M. T. Rodrigues. 2013. Two new species of Proceratophrys Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920 (Anura; Odontophrynidae) from the Atlantic forest, with taxonomic remarks on the genus. Zootaxa 3682: 277–304.

Genus Macrogenioglottus (1 species)
Macrogenioglottus alipioi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Odontophrynus (12 species)
Odontophrynus achalensis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus americanus AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Odontophrynus barrioi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus carvalhoi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus cordobae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus cultripes AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus juquinha no AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Odontophrynus lavillai no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus maisuma no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus monachus no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus occidentalis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Odontophrynus salvatori no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video

Genus Proceratophrys (41 species)
Proceratophrys appendiculata no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys ararype AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys aridus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys avelinoi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys bagnoi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys belzebul no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys bigibbosa no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys boiei AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Proceratophrys branti no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys brauni no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys caramaschii no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys carranca no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys concavitympanum no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys cristiceps no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys cururu no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys dibernardoi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys gladius no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys goyana no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys huntingtoni no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys itamari no AmphibiaWeb account no photos sound/video
Proceratophrys izecksohni no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys laticeps no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys mantiqueira no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys melanopogon AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys minuta no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys moehringi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys moratoi AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Proceratophrys palustris no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys paviotii no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys phyllostomus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys pombali no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys redacta no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys renalis no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys rondonae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys rotundipalpebra no AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Proceratophrys sanctaritae no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys schirchi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys strussmannae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys subguttata no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys tupinambis no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Proceratophrys vielliardi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: https://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed:

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