Truebella tothastes Graybeal & Cannatella, 1995
From preservative, coloration of the holotype is that of a dorsal chocolate brown with a narrow dark brown line from tip of snout to cloaca. A dark chocolate brown stripe extends from canthus rostralis through eye and along the flanks to the groin. The chin, chest, belly, and ventral surfaces of limbs are creamy colored with brown mottling. Variation in coloration and pattern of tuberculation (and longitudinal dorsal stripes) is quite variable among specimens. The mean SVL of adult males ranges from 26.1-29.9 mm. Dorsal tubercles brown and spinose, humeral crests hypertrophied in males, sacrococcygeal articulation bicondylar, and quadrate present. Snout pointed when viewed dorsally and protruding past lower jaw when viewed laterally. Upper lip slightly swollen. Lacks cranial crests, tympanum, ostia pharyngea, and vocal slits. Arms robust with broken row of tubercles along ulnar margin. Relative length of fingers are 2<1<4<3, relative length of toes are 1<2<3<5<4. Patches of gland cells form scattered, spinose, irregularly-shaped warts. Presence of a dorsolateral row of warts forming a broken series from behind eye to groin, warts larger behind eye but do not form a parotoid gland. Glandular ridge on upper eyelid. Dorsal surfaces and chest covered with scattered spicules. Cloacal opening directed posteriorly at mid-level of thighs, cloacal sheath absent.
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Graybeal, A., Cannatella, D.C. (1995). ''A new taxon of Bufonidae from Peru, with descriptions of two new species and a review of the phylogenetic status of supraspecific bufonid taxa.'' Herpetologica, 51(2), 105-131.
Originally submitted by: Raul E. Diaz (first posted 2004-06-04)
Edited by: Tate Tunstall, Michelle Koo (2020-11-28)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2020 Truebella tothastes <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/429> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Oct 5, 2022.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2022. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 5 Oct 2022.
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