AmphibiaWeb - Rhinella granulosa


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Rhinella granulosa (Spix, 1824)
family: Bufonidae
genus: Rhinella

© 2018 Mauro Teixeira Jr (1 of 31)

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Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
National Status None
Regional Status None



View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (3 records).

Source credit:
Guia de Sapos da Reserva Adolpho Ducke, Amazonia Central by Lima et al. 2005

INPA (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia)
PPBio (Programa de Pesquisa em Biodiversidade)
PELD (Pesquisas Ecológicas de Longa Duração)

Males 60-70 mm, females 80-90 mm. The dorsum is granular in texture, and the dorsal coloration has a background of various shades of brown with irregular darker patches. The species has parotoid glands posterior to the eyes, but they are not very distinct. The belly is whitish to cream. The throat region of males is greenish yellow in the reproductive season.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Brazil


View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (3 records).
The species is most often found on the edges of the Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke in Brazil and in large open areas.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
The species is terrestrial and nocturnal. In the Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke in Brazil, it reproduces in small and large ponds throughout the year, but with a peak in the wet season. Clutches contain around 900 eggs that are deposited on the surface of the water in gelatinous strings. The tadpoles are light gray and live on the bottom of ponds.

Juveniles of Bufo marinus are similar in general form and color to B. granulosus, but B. marinus has distinct parotoid glands behind the eyes, whereas the parotoid glands of B. granulosus are smaller and difficult to see in juveniles.

Originally submitted by: Albertina P. Lima, William E. Magnusson, Marcelo Menin, Luciana K. Erdtmann, Domingos J. Rodrigues, Claudia Keller, Walter Hödl (first posted 2007-11-07)
Edited by: Kellie Whittaker (2007-11-29)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2007 Rhinella granulosa <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Feb 22, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 22 Feb 2024.

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