This species occurs in the central Panama lowlands eastwards to San Blas, below 800m asl. It also occurs through the Pacific lowlands of Colombia to northwestern Ecuador. It is also found on Gorgona Island in Colombia. It occurs here at very low altitude, many specimens being collected at 70-90m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives on the ground, and on bushy vegetation, logs and rocks in humid tropical lowland forest. It does not survive in degraded areas, but is found on forest edges. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.
It is a common species in Colombia, but is very rare in Ecuador. It is generally somewhat uncommon but is not rare in Panama.
The major threats are deforestation for agricultural development, illegal crops, logging and human settlement, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops.
It occurs in several protected areas throughout its range. In Panama it occurs in the following protected areas: Cerro Campana National Park; Soberania National Park; Chagres National Park; and Isla Barro del Colorado National Monument.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This form is a complex consisting of several species (D. Wake pers. comm.).
Castro, F., Renjifo, J., Solís, F., Ibáñez, R. & Wake, D. 2008. Oedipina complex. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59310A11912139. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59310A11912139.en