This species occurs in the highlands of southwestern and southeastern Guatemala, including the Pacific versant, being known from much of the plateau region of Guatemala, several of the Pacific volcanoes, and the Las Nubes highland block east of Guatemala City. The idnetification of the population recorded from the Sierra de Los Cuchumatanes needs confirmation. Its elevational distribution is from about 1,300-3,000m asl. Recent surveys are finding this salamander at higher elevations than they ever were in the 1970s (Ted Papenfuss pers. comm. 2007).
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in drier subtropical forests (oak-pine forests on the plateau) and also in secondary habitats. Individuals have been found under logs, in logs, and in bromeliads. It breeds by direct development.
It is quite a common species. It is abundant on the Volcan Pacaya National Park (Carlos Vasquez pers. comm. 2007).
It is probably suffering from general habitat encroachment, although it is somewhat adaptable.
Its range includes several small reserves surrounding the Pacific slope volcanoes. Surveys are needed to determine its abundance and threat status.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern since, although its Extent of Occurrence is probably less than 20,000 km2, it is common and somewhat adaptable with a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
The status of the Cuchumantanes population is unresolved and needs further study (Ted Papenfuss pers. comm. 2007).
Acevedo, M., Wake, D., Papenfuss, T., Vasquez, C., Rovito, S. & Elias, P. 2008. Bolitoglossa morio. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59183A11882680. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59183A11882680.en