Males 22-24 mm, females 26-27 mm. The dorsal coloration consists of scattered dark markings on a brown background. There are two well-defined glandular dorsolateral folds on each side of the body. The distance from the eye to the snout is about one and a half times the diameter of the eye. The belly and throat are white. The lower and front surfaces of the thighs are yellowish. The iris is bronze.
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Common at the edges of the Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke in Brazil, and in disturbed areas.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
The species is terrestrial, active by day and night, and usually found in open areas and edges of forests. Reproduction occurs throughout the year, with a peak in the rainy season (December to May). The males call from the ground, hidden among leaves and fallen branches. Males excavate small burrows in the soil, in which the female deposits about 15 eggs in a foam nest. The tadpoles develop in the nest, living exclusively on the yolk provided in the eggs.
Similar species: Adenomera andreae differs by the distance from the eye to the tip of the snout being only about the diameter of the eye, its glandular dorsolateral folds being fine and difficult to see with the naked eye; its pectoral region and undersides of arms being darker than the belly. The posterior region of the belly and thighs are grayish in A. andreae.
Written by Albertina P. Lima, William E. Magnusson, Marcelo Menin, Luciana K. Erdtmann, Domingos J. Rodrigues, Claudia Keller, Walter Hödl (bill AT inpa.gov.br), Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
First submitted 2007-12-05
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2007-12-12)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2007 Adenomera hylaedactyla: Dark-spotted Thin-toed Frog <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/3301> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed May 31, 2020.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2020. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 31 May 2020.
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