This species is endemic to central and southern China and is found in Fujian, Hunan, Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, including Hong Kong. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest, especially in areas between known sites. It has been recorded from just above sea level to 1,400m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits small, hill streams in forests or shrublands. It sometimes also occurs in seepages, stream-fed marshes, and forests. It breeds in streams, the eggs being laid in water under stones.
It is a very common species, although it is believed to be in decline.
The major threat to this species is over-collecting for human consumption, and habitat destruction and degradation.
It is present in several protected areas in the region.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because of an observed population decline, estimated to be more than 30% over the last three generations, inferred from over-harvesting, observed shrinkage in distribution and ongoing habitat destruction and degradation. The generation length is estimated to be five years.
Michael Wai Neng Lau, Geng Baorong 2004. Quasipaa exilispinosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58424A11779154. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58424A11779154.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019