Indirana semipalmata
Half-webbed Leaping Frog
family: Ranixalidae

© 2012 Pratik Pradhan (1 of 3)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: India


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is widespread in the southern Western Ghats of India. It has a wide altitudinal range of between 200 and 1,100m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is a terrestrial species associated with riparian vegetation and leaf-litter in wet evergreen, and semi-evergreen, tropical forests and swamps. It has been recorded in coffee plantations and disturbed forest. Breeding takes place on wet rocks, and the larvae are found on wet rock surfaces next to streams.


It is a locally common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Conversion of land to commercial agricultural use (including coffee plantations) appears to be the main threat to this species. Harvesting of wood and timber for subsistence use, and the development of mining and tourism in the Western Ghats region are also threats.

Conservation Actions

It has been recorded from many protected areas. It is included as part of ongoing field studies by Addoor (1995 and onwards) and Biju (1997 and onwards). It is protected by national legislation.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern since, although its Extent of Occurrence is probably less than 20,000 km2, it is common and adaptable with a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger 2004. Indirana semipalmata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58315A11764064. .Downloaded on 22 January 2019


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