AmphibiaWeb - Ranixalidae
AMPHIBIAWEB

Ranixalidae

19 species in 2 genera

Commonly Called Indian Frogs, Leaping Frogs


Indirana chiravasi
Photo by Chaitanya Shukla
(Click for family gallery)

This ancient family is endemic to central and southern India, especially in the biodiversity hotspot of the Western Ghats range. Most of these species were discovered in recent years (2010's) and some authors believe there is more cryptic diversity to be discovered.

Written by AmphibiaWeb

Notable Family Characteristics

  • Occurs terrestrially in leaf litter or streams in tropical forests
  • Morphological characters include: oval pupils, median lingual tubercle, distinct tympanum of varying proportions with supratympanic fold, partial dorsal skin folds or prominent skin warts present, and Y-shaped terminal phalanges with discs and distinct dorsoterminal grooves
  • Females tend to be larger than males; males have femoral glands and spicules on the margins of the jaw and/or chest region
  • Many species appear most active at night
  • Distribution limited to central and southern India, especially in the Western Ghats
Ranixalidae Richness map

Cartography Credit: Zoe Yoo, UC Berkeley
Range maps sources: AmphibiaWeb, UC Berkeley, and IUCN RedList

Relevant Reference

Garg S, Biju SD (2016) Molecular and Morphological Study of Leaping Frogs (Anura, Ranixalidae) with Description of Two New Species. PLoS ONE 11(11): e0166326. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0166326a>

Genus Indirana (15 species)
Indirana beddomii no account photos no sound/video
Indirana bhadrai no account no photos no sound/video
Indirana brachytarsus no account no photos no sound/video
Indirana chiravasi no account photos no sound/video
Indirana duboisi no account no photos no sound/video
Indirana gundia no account no photos no sound/video
Indirana leithii no account photos no sound/video
Indirana longicrus no account no photos no sound/video
Indirana paramakri no account no photos no sound/video
Indirana salelkari account no photos no sound/video
Indirana sarojamma no account no photos no sound/video
Indirana semipalmata no account photos no sound/video
Indirana tenuilingua no account no photos no sound/video
Indirana tysoni no account no photos no sound/video
Indirana yadera account no photos no sound/video

Genus Sallywalkerana (4 species)
Sallywalkerana diplosticta no account no photos no sound/video
Sallywalkerana leptodactyla no account photos no sound/video
Sallywalkerana muduga no account no photos no sound/video
Sallywalkerana phrynoderma account photos no sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: https://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed:

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