AMPHIBIAWEB

Ranixalidae

18 species in 2 genera

Commonly Called Indian Frogs, Leaping Frogs


Indirana chiravasi
Photo by Chaitanya Shukla
(Click for family gallery)

This ancient family is endemic to central and southern India, especially in the biodiversity hotspot of the Western Ghats range. Most of these species were discovered in recent years (2010's) and some authors believe there is more cryptic diversity to be discovered.

Written by AmphibiaWeb

Notable Family Characteristics

  • Occurs terrestrially in leaf litter or streams in tropical forests
  • Morphological characters include: oval pupils, median lingual tubercle, distinct tympanum of varying proportions with supratympanic fold, partial dorsal skin folds or prominent skin warts present, and Y-shaped terminal phalanges with discs and distinct dorsoterminal grooves
  • Females tend to be larger than males; males have femoral glands and spicules on the margins of the jaw and/or chest region
  • Many species appear most active at night
  • Distribution limited to central and southern India, especially in the Western Ghats

Relevant Reference

Garg S, Biju SD (2016) Molecular and Morphological Study of Leaping Frogs (Anura, Ranixalidae) with Description of Two New Species. PLoS ONE 11(11): e0166326. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0166326a>

Genus Indirana (15 species)
Indirana beddomii no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Indirana bhadrai no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Indirana brachytarsus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Indirana chiravasi no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Indirana duboisi no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Indirana gundia no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Indirana leithii no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Indirana longicrus no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Indirana paramakri no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Indirana salelkari AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Indirana sarojamma no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Indirana semipalmata no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Indirana tenuilingua no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Indirana tysoni no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Indirana yadera AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video

Genus Sallywalkerana (3 species)
Sallywalkerana diplosticta no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Sallywalkerana leptodactyla no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Sallywalkerana phrynoderma no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: https://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed:

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