This species is widespread in the southern Western Ghats of India. It has a wide altitudinal range of between 200 and 1,100m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species associated with riparian vegetation and leaf-litter in wet evergreen, and semi-evergreen, tropical forests and swamps. It has been recorded in coffee plantations and disturbed forest. Breeding takes place on wet rocks, and the larvae are found on wet rock surfaces next to streams.
It is a locally common species.
Conversion of land to commercial agricultural use (including coffee plantations) appears to be the main threat to this species. Harvesting of wood and timber for subsistence use, and the development of mining and tourism in the Western Ghats region are also threats.
It has been recorded from many protected areas. It is included as part of ongoing field studies by Addoor (1995 and onwards) and Biju (1997 and onwards). It is protected by national legislation.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern since, although its Extent of Occurrence is probably less than 20,000 km2, it is common and adaptable with a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger 2004. Indirana semipalmata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58315A11764064. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58315A11764064.en .Downloaded on 13 November 2018