This species is known only from a restricted area in the Anamalai Hills of the Western Ghats in India. It is found at an elevation of around 500m asl. It has also been reported from Maharashtra, but this record requires further investigation and is not included in this account.
Habitat and Ecology
A terrestrial species associated with leaf-litter in tropical moist forest. It presumably breeds like other members of the genus, with larvae being found on wet rocks next to streams.
It is very rare and is known to be declining at its only known site.
The major threat to this species is habitat loss due to subsistence wood collecting.
The species is present in Indira Ghandi National Park. It is included as part of field studies by Biju (1997) and Vijaykumar (1999 and ongoing). It is protected by national legislation.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat outside of Indira Ghandi National Park.
S.D. Biju, S.P. Vijayakumar, Sushil Dutta 2004. Indirana phrynoderma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58314A11763836. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58314A11763836.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019