This taxon is known with certainty only from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra State in India. All additional records are believed to refer to other taxa. Further taxonomic studies are needed to clarify the precise identity of specimens currently assigned to this species collected outside Maharashtra State. It has an altitudinal range of 400-1,200m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species associated with leaf-litter of moist, tropical, semi-evergreen forest. It is also found in degraded forest. Breeding takes place on wet rocks, and the larvae are found on moist surfaces next to streams.
It is locally common, even in degraded forest areas.
It is mostly threatened by the conversion of forested land to intensive agricultural use. Harvesting of wood for subsistence use by local people and road construction are also threats. The type locality (Matheran) is threatened by tourism development.
It has been recorded in the following Wildlife Sanctuaries of Maharashtra State: Bhimashankar, Chandoli, Kalsubai Harishchandra, Koyna National Park, and Phansad. It is protected by national legislation
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in the Western Ghats of Maharastra State in India.
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Anand Padhye, Robert Inger 2004. Indirana leithii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58311A11763222. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58311A11763222.en .Downloaded on 16 January 2019