Werneria preussi (Matschie, 1893)
Buca Small-tongue Toad
Coloration: Males and young females have brick red, yellowish or grey broad dorsolateral bands that run from the eyelid to the groin area. The flanks are brown or black but may have clear spots on lower flanks in the females. The venter is dark brown. Males are spotted with white and yellow. Males may have large clear spots on the posterior venter. The thighs have blackish transversal bars (Rödel et al. 2004).
Tadpole Morphology: Tadpoles have flattened bodies and have moderately to well-developed oral discs that allow them to attach themselves to rocks in swift streams (Graybeal and Cannatella 1995).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Cameroon, Togo
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
During the daytime, the toads will hide in spaces below stones. During the night, they climb on rocks (Rödel et al. 2004).
This species mostly feeds on beetles (Rödel et al. 2004).
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Graybeal, A., Cannatella, D.C. (1995). ''A new taxon of Bufonidae from Peru, with descriptions of two new species and a review of the phylogenetic status of supraspecific bufonid taxa.'' Herpetologica, 51(2), 105-131.
Rödel, M.-O., Schmitz, A., Pauwels, O.S.G. Böhme (2004). ''Revision of the genus Werneria Poche, 1903, including the descriptions of two new species from Cameroon and Gabon (Amphibia: Anura: Bufonidae).'' Zootaxa, 720, 1-28.
Stuart, S., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Berridge, R., Ramani, P., Young, B. (eds) (2008). Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Edicions, IUCN, and Conservation International, Barcelona, Spain; Gland, Switzerland; and Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Wells, K. D. (2007). The Ecology and Behavior of Amphibians. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.
Originally submitted by: Teresa West, Mingna (Vicky) Zhuang (first posted 2011-06-23)
Edited by: Brent Nguyen (2012-04-29)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2012 Werneria preussi: Buca Small-tongue Toad <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/433> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Feb 3, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 3 Feb 2023.
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