Rhinella truebae (Lynch & Renjifo, 1990)
Color comes from a preserved specimen that has faded severely: cream dorsally with brown spots and brown mottling on head. Parotoid glands are brown. Flanks reticulated with brown and some warts are darker than others. The throat and venter are cream with brown spots. Limbs are spotted and barred with brown. Head triangular in outline when viewed dorsally, as broad as body; snout acuminate in dorsal view with a bulbous tip, snout long and declining toward tip when viewed laterally. Loreal region concave, nostrils protuberant and directed laterally. Edges of frontoparietals upturned producing cranial crests medial to upper eyelids. Crests are continuous with less well-defined crests along upper border of canthus rostralis. Postocular crests low and inconspicuous. Bony tubercles present in area of occipital crests. Skin on top and side of head finely spiculate. Temporal region vertical. Tympanum superficial with round annulus most visible ventrally; situated high on side of head. Skin posteroventral to tympanum spiculate, areolate, wrinkled, and bearing some enlarged subconical warts; upper eyelid bearing one elongate wart along outer margin and an isolated median wart. No teeth. Forelimbs long, slender, lacking folds. Low warts on upper surfaces of upper arm. Hands large.
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Lynch, J. D. and Renjifo, J.M. (1990). ''Two new toads (Bufonidae: Rhamphophryne) from the Northern Andes of Colombia.'' Journal of Herpetology, 24(4), 364-371.
Trueb, L. (1971). ''Phylogenetic relationships of certain neotropical toads with the description of a new genus (Anura: Bufonidae).'' Los Angeles County Museum Contributions in Science, 216, 1-40.
Originally submitted by: Raul E. Diaz (first posted 2004-08-27)
Edited by: Tate Tunstall (2004-09-01)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2004 Rhinella truebae <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/419> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Mar 23, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 23 Mar 2023.
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