Parvimolge townsendi
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2018 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 13)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs on the Sierra Madre Oriental from around Cuautlapan north to Teocelo in east-central Veracruz, Mexico, at 800-1,500 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It inhabits cloud and oak forest, and is usually found living in bromeliads or on the ground in terrestrial microhabitats. This species is somewhat adaptable, and can survive in shaded coffee plantations provided that humidity levels are maintained, but it does not tolerate the opening up of the landscape (which leads to the drying out of its microhabitat). It is terrestrial and reproduces by direct development.


It used to be uncommon, but has undergone significant population declines. The species has only been observed once since 1997 despite many attempts to locate it.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat is habitat loss due to expanding agriculture and human settlements, and extraction of wood.

Conservation Actions

It is not known from any protected areas, making habitat protection an urgent priority for this species. It is listed as "Threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government. Further studies are needed into the reasons for the decline of this species.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, James Hanken, Mario García-París 2008. Parvimolge townsendi. In: IUCN 2014


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