Bolitoglossa veracrucis

Subgenus: Mayamandra
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2016 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 4)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from a few localities, all in southern Mexico in the western part of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec: in extreme southern Veracruz; extreme north-eastern Oaxaca; and extreme north-western Chiapas. It is found up to 500m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in tropical lowland forest, but it has been found in disturbed habitats, presumably due to the level of human impact on natural habitats within its range. The species has been collected at night on low vegetation. It is possible that the species is confined to limestone outcrops, the habitat in which it was first recorded. It reproduces by direct development.


There is little recent information concerning its population status, though it was abundant when first found. It was recorded in 1999 for the first time in many years.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat to it is further opening up of its habitat due to expanding agriculture and increasing wood extraction.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in Los Chimalapas, which is poorly protected. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat due to agricultural expansion.


Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Ted Papenfuss 2008. Bolitoglossa veracrucis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59216A11899101. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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