Bolitoglossa palmata

Subgenus: Eladinea
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Ecuador


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species was previously only known from the eastern slopes of the Andes in Ecuador. However it has now also been recorded from the eastern slopes of the Andes in southern Colombia (Acosta and Gutierrez 2012), which is its first country record. It has been recorded between 1,600–2,360 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is a montane forest species, and it is not known whether or not it can persist in altered habitats. It breeds by direct development.


This species is rarely recorded. It was collected as recently as 2014 (collected by J. Brito, MECN). In Colombia, it is only known from five individuals (Acosta and Gutierrez 2012). The population trend is unknown, but it is not severely fragmented.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Agriculture, both crops and livestock, as well as logging, mining, and infrastructure development for human settlement are major threats to the species’ habitat. Agricultural contamination is also a threat.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions 
This species' range overlaps with Parque Nacional Sumaco Napo-Galeras, Parque Nacional Llanganates, Parque Nacional Sangay, Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca, and Reserva Ecológica Antisana. It is not known from any protected areas in Colombia. 

Research Needed
Population monitoring is needed to understand how threats are affecting the species.

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Bolitoglossa palmata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T59191A85861483. .Downloaded on 18 January 2019


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