This species has been recorded from the Río Arquia area in Antioquia Department in the Chocó region of Colombia, south to Quibdo in Chocó Department. Specimens have been referred to this species from the Darién and San Blas regions of central and eastern Panama. It occurs below 600m asl. It is presumably found in intervening areas between the mapped localities.
Habitat and Ecology
It is an arboreal species in humid lowland forest, and does not occur in disturbed habitats. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.
It appears to be a rare species.
There are very few threats within its range in Panama, though there is a small amount of shifting cultivation. In Colombia, the major threats are deforestation for agricultural development (including the planting of illegal crops), logging, and human settlement, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops.
It occurs in Parque Nacional Darién in Panama. It is not known from any protected areas in Colombia.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in Colombia and Panama.
It is not clear that the Panamanian and Colombian populations belong to the same species.
Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Wake, D., Bolívar, W. & Renjifo, J. 2008. Bolitoglossa medemi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59178A11881425. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59178A11881425.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019