This species occurs in extreme southern Santa Catarina and in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, at elevations of 400-1,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in forest, inhabiting streams and cascades with clear running water. Males calls on stones or hidden under rocks at the stream margin. The spawn is probably deposited below stones in slow flowing streams.
It is abundant and stable in appropriate habitats.
Water pollution, deforestation, and pine and banana plantations are all threats.
This species has recently tested positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection (Toledo et al., 2006b).
It occurs in several protected areas, included Aparados da Serra and Serra Geral National Parks.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Paulo Garcia, Magno Vicente Segalla 2010. Hylodes meridionalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T57094A11570357. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T57094A11570357.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019