This species is known from the Pacific lowlands of the departments of Valle del Cauca, Choco, Risaralda and Antioquia, in northwestern Colombia, from 230-800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a nocturnal species, occurring in primary forest or gallery forest. It is found along streams or rivers and seems partial to waterfalls, and can even be found on rocks in the middle of the river. It breeds by direct development, depositing its eggs in depressions on the soil. It is restricted to gallery forest.
It is a large, common frog.
Habitat loss caused by deforestation, agricultural development, and illegal crops, and pollution resulting from fumigation of illegal crops is a threat. It should be noted that some other species of Eleutherodactylus that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.
The range of the species includes several protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This species was previously within the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith, 2005).
Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch 2004. Strabomantis zygodactylus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57070A11576796. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57070A11576796.en