This species is endemic to the western central cordillera of Panama. It has been recorded from altitudes of between 910 and 1,450m asl. It has not been recorded from Costa Rica, but may be present in this country.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a terrestrial species of humid lowland and montane forest. It breeds by direct development, with eggs deposited on the forest floor.
While there is little information available on the population status of this species, it is known to have declined in the Reserva Forestal Fortuna, Chiriquí.
The major threat to the species is general habitat loss as a result of smallholder farming activities, logging and human settlement, although the current observed population decline is thought to be due to chytridiomycosis (Lips 1999).
The species has been recorded from the protected areas of Parque Internacional La Amistad, Bosque Protector Palo Seco, and Reserva Forestal Fortuna. In view of the threat of chytridiomycosis, the status of this species should be closely monitored, and ex-situ populations should be established.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of a projected population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the next ten years, as a result of chytridiomycosis.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Jaramillo, C. & Fuenmayor, Q. 2010. Craugastor emcelae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56577A11499477. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T56577A11499477.en .Downloaded on 20 January 2019