Craugastor azueroensis

Subgenus: Craugastor
family: Craugastoridae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Panama


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is endemic to the Azuero Peninsula, Panama, where it has been recorded at altitudes of 61-940m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This is a terrestrial species associated with streams in dry lowland and montane forest. It breeds by direct development and eggs are deposited on the ground.


It is apparently locally abundant.

Population Trend


Major Threats

General habitat loss through deforestation is a major threat. Some other species of the genus that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.

Conservation Actions

The species has been recorded from Parque Nacional Cerro Hoya, but expanded protection of habitat on the Azuero Peninsula is needed. Further research is also required to determine whether chytrid poses a real threat to this species.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).


Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor 2004. Craugastor azueroensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56445A11479447. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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