The type locality of this species is Katow, Western Province, Papua New Guinea. It is mapped here as a complex, but some of the component species have now been described. The resolution of the complex is not complete however and the real distribution of H. rufescens has not yet been determined. The complex has been recorded up to 3,570m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species that is active at night on the forest floor in tropical rainforest. It breeds by direct development.
This species is very common within its range.
The range of this species is uncertain so it is impossible to determine threats at present.
Taxonomic studies are urgently required to determine how many taxa are included in this species complex, and their ranges subsequently need to be documented to determine whether or not any have restricted distributions that might make them susceptible to threats such as localized logging or mining activities.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This genus is currently undergoing substantial revision and is being separated into many new species. Furthermore, the insular subspecies, Hylophorbus rufescens extimus from Tagula Island, and H.r. myopicus from Woodlark Island described by Zweifel (1972) clearly warrant full species status.
Stephen Richards, Rainer Günther 2004. Hylophorbus rufescens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57827A11690517. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57827A11690517.en .Downloaded on 23 January 2019