AmphibiaWeb - Stumpffia tetradactyla


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Stumpffia tetradactyla Vences & Glaw, 1991
family: Microhylidae
subfamily: Cophylinae
genus: Stumpffia

© 2008 Miguel Vences and Frank Glaw (1 of 1)

  hear call (161.8K MP3 file)
  hear call (242.5K MP3 file)

  hear Fonozoo call

[call details here]

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Data Deficient (DD)
National Status None
Regional Status None
Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report .



View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.

A very small terrestrial microhylid; males 13-15 mm, females are unknown. Back is light brown to beige, usually with a teddy-bear shaped black figure, rarely with a beige median line. Flanks dark, with a distinct border between flank and back colouration in specimens from Nosy Mangabe. Back is without characteristic markings in one specimen from Tolagnaro. Venter whitish, with dark mottling on the throat. Skin on the back smooth. Tympanum rather indistinct, tympanum/eye ratio between 1/3 and 1/2. Tibiotarsal articulation reaches the eye. Four fingers, the inner finger reduced, and 4 recognizable toes. Males with a distinct, largely distensible, single subgular vocal sac.

Call consists of a single, chirping note. Calls are arranged in series, which can last several minutes. Call duration is about 64-90 ms at Nosy Boraha, shorter at Nosy Mangabe and 225-245 ms at Tolagnaro. Call repetition rate is 30-37/min at Nosy Boraha, 17/min at Nosy Mangabe and 36 at Tolagnaro. Frequency is 4.8-5 kHz at Nosy Boraha, 6 kHz at Nosy Mangabe and 4.7-5 kHz at Tolagnaro.

Stumpffia pygmaea and Stumpffia tridactyla are smaller with shorter hindlimbs. Other Stumpffia have 5 toes (the inner toe can be reduced).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Madagascar


View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
Terra Typica: Nosy Boraha; Nosy Mangabe; Tolagnaro. Observed at elevations from sea level to 300 m.

A common species at Nosy Boraha, in primary forest as well as in cultivated landscape. Males start calling mainly in the afternoon from the leaf litter.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Eggs and tadpoles are unknown.

For references in the text, see here


Glaw, F. and Vences, M. (1994). Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. M. Vences and F. Glaw Verlags GbR., Köln.

Originally submitted by: Frank Glaw and Miguel Vences (first posted 2001-10-29)
Edited by: Rachna Tiwari and Joyce Gross (2010-07-19)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Stumpffia tetradactyla <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Apr 12, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 12 Apr 2024.

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