Oreophryne celebensis
family: Microhylidae
subfamily: Asterophryinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Indonesia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from northeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia, above 1,000 m asl. The extent of occurrence (EOO) of its known range is 19,196 km2.

Habitat and Ecology

This species occurs in montane forest, and presumably lays eggs on the ground that develop directly without a larval stage.


The current population status of this species is unknown. Until it was rediscovered in 1999, it was known only from the holotype. An additional record has been confirmed from surveys in 2004 on Mount Klabat, but no surveys have taken place at this same site since (D. Iskandar unpubl. data in the MZB collection).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The area where it occurs is experiencing some of the most severe habitat loss in Sulawesi, with forest clearance for cacao and clove plantations and wood collection having taken place almost up to the mountain summits. In addition, the mountains on which the species occurs are active volcanoes and the potential risk of explosions represent a threat to the species.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Action
This species probably occurs in the Bogani-Nani Wartabone National Park and the Tangkoko-Batu Angus and the Dua Sudara Nature Reserves. However, these two nature reserves have been very heavily deforested.

Conservation Needed
There is a need for much strengthened management, including habitat restoration, of existing protected areas in this region.

Research Needed
Further survey work to better understand the population size, distribution, and trends.

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Vulnerable because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 19,196 km2, it occurs in fewer than 10 threat-defined locations, and there is ongoing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Oreophryne celebensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T57909A114919677. .Downloaded on 16 January 2019


IUCN Terms of Use