AmphibiaWeb - Gastrophryne carolinensis


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Gastrophryne carolinensis (Holbrook, 1835)
Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad, Eastern Narrowmouth Toad
family: Microhylidae
subfamily: Gastrophryninae
genus: Gastrophryne
Gastrophryne carolinensis
© 2013 Todd Pierson (1 of 43)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
National Status None
Regional Status None
conservation needs Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report .


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G. carolinensis is distinguished from other species by foot structure and coloration. The toe tips are round and tapered, and the toes are not webbed. It has a brown or tan dorsum,a mottled venter, and usually has a dark median wedge.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: United States. Introduced: Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Puerto Rico.

U.S. state distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia

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View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
amphibiandisease logo View Bd and Bsal data (29 records).
G. carolinensis is found only in the southeastern United States. Its range extends from the east shore of the Chesapeake Bay southward to Key West, Florida, and westward to eastern Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas. The range extends as far westward as Tulsa, Oklahoma and as far southwest as Kerr County and Brownsville, Texas. Disjunct populations occur in Maryland, southwestern Mirginia, Kentuchy, Illinois, Iowa and Missouri.
In piedmont valleys, G. carolinensis is found up to elevations of 800 ft. (Carter 1934) and 1500 ft. (Bailey 1936) and up to 2400 ft. in Oklahoma.


Bailey, J, R. (1936). ''Microhyla carolinensis in northeastern Tennessee.'' Copeia, 1936(2), 115.

Carter, H. A. (1934). ''Georgia records of Gastrophryne carolinensis.'' Copeia, 1934(3), 138.

Nelson, C. (1972). ''Gastrophryne usta. Two-spaded Narrow-mouthed Toad.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, 123.1-123.2.

Originally submitted by: Franziska Sandmeier (first posted 2001-02-09)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2001 Gastrophryne carolinensis: Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jun 16, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 16 Jun 2024.

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