This species is found in Mesoamerica in the western Pacific lowlands of Panama. In South America this species has been recorded in Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela (Sucre and Bolìvar states), Trinidad Island, Trinidad and Tobago and the Guianas. Its distribution is poorly known, and its taxonomic status is in need of revision. It occurs up to 500 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in leaf-litter and in tree holes in tropical rainforests and on the forest edge, as well as grasslands and shrublands. Breeding takes place in ponds, and eggs and tadpoles in water. Male specimens have been found calling from water up to 30cm deep, in flooded forest. It is tolerant of some habitat modification and can survive in rural gardens and pastureland.
It is considered to be common at some sites.
There are no major threats to this species but shifting cultivation, logging, fire, infrastructure development, agro industrial farming and water pollution might impact local populations.
It occurs in several protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This species is a complex of several species. Specimens from Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay have been separated from Elachistocleis ovalis as E. bicolor (Lavilla et al. 2003).
Trefaut Rodrigues, M., Acosta-Galvis, A., Lavilla, E., Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q. & Hardy, J. 2010. Elachistocleis ovalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T57809A86082328. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T57809A11685493.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019