Sclerophrys garmani
Garman's Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 1998 Miguel Vences and Frank Glaw (1 of 10)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Angola, Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, United Republic of, Zambia, Zimbabwe


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs from Ethiopia and Somalia south to northern parts of South Africa and the northern and eastern parts of Botswana. The apparent range disjunctions in parts of Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya might be artefacts of poor sampling. It is likely that the northeastern African populations (from northern Tanzania northwards) and the southern African populations (from Zambia southwards) belong to separate species, with true Amietophrynus garmani occurring in northeastern Africa. The association of the recently reported population from western Tanzania (Gardner et al. 2007) to either of these northeastern and southern populations needs to be determined. The distributional boundary between this species and Amietophrynus poweri in southern Africa is very unclear, and they might not be separate species. In northeastern Africa it occurs from sea level up to 2,000 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is a denizen of arid savannas, wooded savannas, and agricultural areas, breeding in temporary water (vleis, dams or pans), and sometimes-artificial pools and rivers. In western Tanzania toads were trap-captured entirely in woodland areas (Gardner et al. 2007).


It is common in eastern and southern Ethiopia and in southern Africa.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat is environmental degradation resulting from human expansion, settlement and agricultural encroachment. In western Tanzania, much of the miombo woodland area is increasingly threatened by habitat degradation following conversion to agriculture or overharvesting (see Gardner et al. 2007). However, this is an adaptable species that is not considered to be seriously at risk.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in many protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats and its presumed large population.

Taxonomic Notes

There is confusion regarding the taxonomy of this species and Amietophrynus poweri (M. Largen, J. Poynton, L. Mazibuko and M. Tandy pers. comm.). It is possible that the true Amietophrynus garmani is restricted to northeastern Africa, with animals from further south belonging to another species (Largen 2001). In this account, we follow the traditional understanding of the species' distribution and taxonomy, pending further information.

This species was under the generic name Amietophrynus but is now treated under Sclerophrys (Frost 2016).

This is an amended assessment created to account for the change in generic name.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2016. Sclerophrys garmani. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T54649A107346310. .Downloaded on 16 January 2019


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