AmphibiaWeb - Ikakogi tayrona


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Ikakogi tayrona (Ruiz-Carranza & Lynch, 1991)
Magdalena Giant Glass Frog
family: Centrolenidae
subfamily: Centroleninae
genus: Ikakogi
Ikakogi tayrona
© 2015 Laura Bravo Valencia (1 of 6)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Vulnerable (VU)
National Status None
Regional Status None
conservation needs Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report .


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Ikakogi tayrona can be identified by the following combination of characters: 1) vomerine dentition absent, 2) bones white in life, 3) color in life green to pale green, 4) snout rounded when viewed dorsally, sloped and truncated when viewed laterally, 5) skin is dorsally granular, 6) ulnar and tarsal folds small, 7) males have a large humeral spine.

Adult females reach 28.2-30.8mm SVL, males reach 28.2-30.6mm SVL. Head as wide as body, but wider than long (head width 34.8-38.7 % SVL). Nostril-eye distance is 52.8-83.9 % eye width. Nostrils protuberant and oriented anterolaterally. Eyes not visible around border of snout when viewed ventrally. Supratympanic fold thick and very well defined. Vomerine dentition absent. Length of tibia is 51.9-58.6 % SVL.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia

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This species is known only from the northern part of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, department of Magdalena, county of Santa Marta in Colombia from 980-1790 m in elevation. They have been collected on vegetation approximately 2-3 m above the ground bordering breaks in the forest.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
In 2016, Valencia and Delia (2016) reported parental care in Ikakogi tayrona, the geographically (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia) and phylogenetically isolated sister-taxon of all other centrolenids. Unexpectedly, the parental care is by females. Care functions are similar in both males and females, but females are somewhat more risk-tolerant, probably reflecting the more direct link to fitness in females (Valencia and Delia 2016).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

General habitat alteration and loss


Duellman, W.E. (1979). ''The herpetofauna of the Andes: patterns of distribution, origin, differentiation, and present communities.'' The South American Herpetofauna: Its Origin, Evolution, and Dispersal. W.E. Duellman, eds., Monographs of the Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, 7: 371-459.

Lynch, J.D. (1981). ''The idnetity of Hylopsis platychephala Werner, a centrolenid frog from northern Colombia.'' Journal of Herpetology, (15), 283-291.

McDiarmid, R.W. and Savage, J.M. (1984). ''Taxonomic status of the frog genus Centrolenella Noble (Anura: Centrolenidae).'' Journal of Herpetology, (18), 213-215.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M. and Lynch, J.D. (1991). ''Ranas Centrolenidae de Colombia II: Nuevas especies de Centrolene de la Cordillera Oriental y Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.'' Lozania, (58), 1-26.

Valencia, LB and Delia, J (2016). ''Maternal care in a glassfrog: care function and commitment to offspring in Ikakogi tayrona.'' Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 70(1), 41-48.

Werner, F. (1894). ''Über einige Novitäten der herpetologischen sammlung des Wiener zool. vergl. anatom. Institut Zool. .'' Anzieger, (17), 155-157.

Originally submitted by: Raul E. Diaz (first posted 2002-12-22)
Distribution by: Michelle S. Koo (updated 2021-03-18)
Life history by: Michelle S. Koo (updated 2021-03-18)

Edited by: Keith Lui, Michelle Koo (2021-03-18)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2021 Ikakogi tayrona: Magdalena Giant Glass Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jun 17, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 17 Jun 2024.

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