Ingerophrynus claviger
family: Bufonidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Indonesia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is only known with certainty from northern Bengkulu Province, and Nias Island, Sumatra, Indonesia, where it occurs  occurs from sea level to 300 m asl (Lawalata 2011, D. Iskandar pers. comm. May 2017). It has not been found in West Sumatra Province, despite attempts to locate it there (D. Iskandar pers. comm. May 2017).

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in lowland forest. It is tolerant to a degree of habitat disturbance as it has been found in villages (D. Iskandar pers. comm. May 2017) is commonly found in disturbed secondary growth habitat (Lawalata 2011). Individuals are typically found on the ground, actively foraging at night (Lawalata 2011). It probably breeds by larval development in slow-flowing streams.


It is uncommon in Bengkulu and it probably occurs at low to moderate densities (D. Iskandar pers. comm. May 2017), however it was found to be common during surveys on Nias Island in 2009 (Lawalata 2011).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The primary threat is likely to be habitat conversion due to smallholder farming and illegal logging activities.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It occurs in Kerinci-Seblat National Park.

Research Needed
More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status and trends.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Least Concern since it is widespread and moderately adaptable with a presumed large population.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Ingerophrynus claviger. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T54610A114916976. .Downloaded on 21 January 2019


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