This species is generally restricted to sites of surface water in widely separated areas of the southern Arabian Peninsula. It is absent from eastern Yemen and southern and central Oman. It is present on the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia. It has been recorded from sea level to 2,300 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is an opportunistic species that is present wherever there are water sources available; this includes garden courtyards, oasis, permanent springs, irrigation canals and permanent small rivers. Breeding takes place in stagnant and slow-moving water.
This species is common at water sources.
There are no known threats to this species; much of its range is undeveloped.
It is present in the Farasan Islands Protected Area, Saudi Arabia.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
According to Stöck et al. (2001), the taxonomy and nomenclature of this species requires additional research, since the specimen considered the “holotype” by Balletto et al. (1985) is not that one described by Heyden (1827). Bufo hadramautinus Cherchi 1963 was synonymized with Bufo arabicus by Schätti and Desvoignes (1999).
This species was under the generic name Duttaphrynus but is now treated under Sclerophrys (Frost 2016).
This is an amended assessment created to account for the change in generic name.
Theodore Papenfuss, Andrew Gardner, Matthias Stöck, Steven Anderson, Sergius Kuzmin 2016. Sclerophrys arabica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T54574A107328723. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T54574A107328723.en