Sclerophrys arabica
family: Bufonidae

© 2011 Todd Pierson (1 of 17)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is generally restricted to sites of surface water in widely separated areas of the southern Arabian Peninsula. It is absent from eastern Yemen and southern and central Oman. It is present on the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia. It has been recorded from sea level to 2,300m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is an opportunistic species that is present wherever there are water sources available; this includes garden courtyards, oasis, permanent springs, irrigation canals and permanent small rivers. Breeding takes place in stagnant and slow-moving water.


This species is common at water sources.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There are no known threats to this species; much of its range is undeveloped.

Conservation Actions

It is present in the Farasan Islands Protected Area, Saudi Arabia.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)

Taxonomic Notes

According to Stöck et al. (2001), the taxonomy and nomenclature of this species requires additional research, since the specimen considered the “holotype” by Balletto et al. (1985) is not that one described by Heyden (1827). Bufo hadramautinus Cherchi 1963 was synonymized with Bufo arabicus by Schätti and Desvoignes (1999).


Theodore Papenfuss, Andrew Gardner, Matthias Stöck, Steven Anderson, Sergius Kuzmin 2004. Duttaphrynus arabicus. In: IUCN 2014


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