Rhinella atacamensis
family: Bufonidae

© 2016 Pedro Vargas (1 of 3)

  hear Fonozoo call (#1)
  hear Fonozoo call (#2)

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Chile


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is endemic to the desert Pacific coastal region with Mediterranean influences from Paposo (Antofagasta region) to Las Chilcas (Valparaíso region), Chile. It occurs from 0-2,600 m asl. Its extent of occurrence is 105,010 km

Habitat and Ecology

It occurs in and near oases and streams year-round. Reproduction takes place in permanent pools (including livestock water tanks), streams and rivers. The eggs are laid in long strings, and the larvae develop where these were laid. It is somewhat tolerant of habitat disturbances. There is hybridization with R. arunco in the Coquimbo and Valparaíso regions (Correa et al. 2013).


It is abundant at a few sites. However, it is estimated that the population has declined in the range of 35-40% over the past 10 years due to a reduction in habitat quality and quantity and is continuing to decline.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Extensive droughts and water pollution in rivers threaten local subpopulations of this species. Abstraction of surface water (both for human consumption and for agricultural use), mining, agriculture, livestock farming, and timber plantations are also affecting it. There have been local extinctions (Correa Quezada et al. 2008).

Conservation Actions


Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Rhinella atacamensis. In: IUCN 2014


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