Rhaebo hypomelas
family: Bufonidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from the Pacific lowlands of Colombia in Choco Department, and from two localities in north-western Ecuador (in Esmeraldas Province), and is presumed to exist in between these two areas. It occurs between 10 and 500m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives on the ground in leaf-litter close to water sources, in lowland tropical moist forest. All records of this species come from mature forest. There is no information on its breeding biology, although reproduction is presumably by larval development in water.


It is a rare species, and there have been no records of this species in Ecuador since 1984.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threats are deforestation for agricultural development (including the cultivation of illegal crops), logging, and human settlement, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops.

Conservation Actions

It has been found in a few protected areas in Colombia.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)


Wilmar BolĂ­var, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Diego Cisneros-Heredia 2004. Rhaebo hypomelas. In: IUCN 2014


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