Rhaebo colomai
family: Bufonidae

Anfibios del Ecuador

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Ecuador


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from the type locality ("Cabacera del Rio Baboso, cerca a Lita’, Carchi Province, Ecuador"), and one other locality close by in the province of Carchi, in the north-western Andes of Ecuador. It has been recorded from 1,180-1,400m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

The holotype was collected on a branch some 50cm above the ground in the forest of a small creek at night (Hoogmoed 1985). A male was collected at night sitting on a tree trunk in a creek, while a female was collected in the afternoon on the forest floor near a creek (Hoogmoed 1989).


It is a very rare species, and there have been no records since September 1984. Subsequent visits to the type locality have failed to find any individuals.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The type locality has been severely impacted by habitat destruction as a result of agriculture and logging. In addition, spraying of herbicides in Colombia to control crops is polluting the species' habitat.

Conservation Actions

It is not known to occur in any protected areas. Survey work is needed to determine the population status of this species.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence appears to be less than 100 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in northwestern Ecuador.


Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia 2004. Rhaebo colomai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54462A11149772.


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