AmphibiaWeb - Rana catesbeiana
Rana catesbeiana
Bullfrog, American Bullfrog
Subgenus: Aquarana
family: Ranidae
Taxonomic Notes: This species was placed in the genus Lithobates by Frost et al. (2006). However, Yuan et al. (2016, Systematic Biology, doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syw055) showed that this action created problems of paraphyly in other genera. Yuan et al. (2016) recognized subgenera within Rana for the major traditional species groups, with Lithobates used as the subgenus for the Rana palmipes group. AmphibiaWeb recommends the optional use of these subgenera to refer to these major species groups, with names written as Rana (Aquarana) catesbeiana, for example.

© 2012 John White (1 of 187)

  hear call (85.2K RM file)
  hear call (3857.3K WAV file)

  hear Fonozoo call (#1)
  hear Fonozoo call (#2)

[call details here]

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
National Status None
Regional Status None
Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report.



View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (1451 records).

Anfibios del Ecuador


No Disponible

Males Face Cloacal Length Average


Females Face Cloacal Length Average



Eastern North America, except southern Florida, north to Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, southern Quebec, and southern Ontario (Canada), west to the central plains and south to Veracruz (Mexico); introduced on Cuba, Isla de Juventud (= Isla de Pinos), Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, and Jamaica in the Antilles; introduced widely in the rest of the world including the Netherlands, Bordeaux region of France, Belgium, northern Italy, western Spain, Java, Bali, Japan, southern and western Mexico, northern Thailand, Korea, and Taiwan (China).

Additional Information

In the Rana catesbeiana group of XXX. In the equivalent Rana (Rana) clamitans group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41, in the equivalent subgenus Aquarana of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 331. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 306-307, provided a brief account and figure for the species in China. Lanza and Ferri, 1997, In Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 132-133, discussed range and relevant literature for European introduced populations. Maeda and Matsui, 1990, Frogs Toads Japan, Ed. 2: 100-107, provided an account for Japanese introduced populations. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 228-229, provided a brief account and illustration for the introduced Chinese population. Grismer, 2002, Amph. Rept. Baja California: 79-81, provided an account for the introduced Baja California, Mexico, populations. Borges-Martins, Di-Bernardo, Vinciprova, and Measey, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 319, discussed the introduced populations in southern Brazil. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 240-242, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 72-73, provided a brief account, figure, and map for South Korea. Lever, 2003, Naturalized Rept. Amph. World: 203-218, discussed the introduced populations in England, Italy, Spain, France, Netherlands, China, Java, Bali, Japan, Israel, Malaysia, Russia, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru, Guyana, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Hawaii. Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 62-63, provided an account for Japan, map, and photograph. Cisneros-Heredia, 2004, Herpetol. Rev., 35: 406, provided a record (introduced) for Ecuador. Pereyra, Baldo, and Krauczuc, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 37-40, discussed the introduced populations in Argentina (and noted the other South American countries for which populations have been discovered).

Update Date


Literature Cited