This recently described species from the Blue Ridge Mountains of the eastern USA is known only from 15 sites in a small area in the vicinity of Big Levels, Augusta County, Virginia, at elevations ranging from 579m asl (Lake Sherando) to 1,091m asl (at the top of Bald Mountain). It overlaps very narrowly with Eastern Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus on the edge of its range.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in forest and on rocky talus slopes. It breeds by direct development.
It is believed to be common within it small range.
Very little is currently known on threats to this species. There is no information on its ability to adapt to logging of its forest habitat.
Most of its range is within the George Washington National Forest, but the management of this is not necessarily compatible with the conservation of this species, perhaps especially when logging is permitted. There is a need for continued close monitoring of the population status of this species.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because it is known from fewer than five locations.
Richard Highton; Joseph Collins 2006. Plethodon sherando. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61905A12569864. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T61905A12569864.en