Plethodon neomexicanus Stebbins & Riemer, 1950
Jemez Mountains Salamander
© 2009 Christopher R. Newsom (1 of 4)
Adults are brown with fine brassy-colored stippling dorsally (Stebbins 2003). Ventrally, the pigment is reduced to the extent that they almost appear transparent (Williams 1973).
Young Plethodon neomexicanus have faint gray or brassy dorsal stripes. Molecular data indicate that these salamanders are mostly closely related to Plethodon larselli , the Larch Mountain salamanders (Stebbins 2003).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: United States
U.S. state distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: New Mexico
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Stebbins, R. C. (1954). Amphibians and Reptiles of Western North America. McGraw-Hill, New York.
USDI Fish & Wildlife Service (2013). Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Determination of Endangered Species Status for Jemez Mountains Salamander (Plethodon neomexicanus) Throughout Its Range; Final Rule. Federal Register: National Archives and Records Administration, Available here.
Willams, S. R. (1973). Comparative ecology and reproduction of the endemic New Mexico plethodontid salamanders, Plethodon neomexicanus and Aneides hardii, Ph.D. dissertation. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA.
Originally submitted by: Peera Chantasirivisal (first posted 2005-10-04)
Edited by: Tate Tunstall, Michelle Koo (2018-01-19)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2018 Plethodon neomexicanus: Jemez Mountains Salamander <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/4143> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jun 2, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 2 Jun 2023.
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