Males 91-103 mm, females 111-119 mm. The dorsum is dark green and the belly varies from white to yellow-white or cream. There are sparse white spots with dark frames on the lower lips, chest and front legs, and these are more dense on the flanks and hind legs. Fingers are transparent brown with large green adhesive discs. A prominent gland extends from behind the eye over the tympanum. The iris is dark gray.
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Occurs throughout the Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke in Brazil, and is frequently found near large ponds.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
The species is arboreal and nocturnal. Males usually call from high trees, and descend with the female to construct nests 1- 3 m above ponds. Reproduction occurs throughout the year in ponds near to, or far from, streams, with a peak from November to May (rainy season). The females deposit about 600 unpigmented eggs in a gelatinous mass in leaf nests hanging over ponds. The leaves are joined or folded with the aid of the male. After 8-10 days, the tadpoles hatch and fall into the water, where they complete development until metamorphosis.
Similar species: Phyllomedusa tarsius differs by having a red-orange iris with black reticulations, and by having brown first and second fingers with white tips. Phyllomedusa vaillanti differs by having purple coloration on the sides and belly, adhesive discs on the fingers that are orange or dark purple, and a silvery-gray iris.
Originally submitted by: Albertina P. Lima, William E. Magnusson, Marcelo Menin, Luciana K. Erdtmann, Domingos J. Rodrigues, Claudia Keller, Walter Hödl (first posted 2007-11-27)
Edited by: Kellie Whittaker (2007-11-28)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2007 Phyllomedusa bicolor: Waxy-Monkey Treefrog <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/642> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Sep 28, 2021.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2021. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 28 Sep 2021.
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