This species is widespread but patchily distributed in Cuba, including the Isla de Juventud, at low elevations (sea level up to 70m asl).
Habitat and Ecology
Mainly a forest species, but it also occurs in xeric and mesic grasslands, and diurnally retreats in burrows near rocks. Males call while floating in rain-flooded pools and the eggs are laid in still water. This species is an explosive breeder.
It is abundant during the breeding season, but otherwise is rarely seen since it burrows underground.
The major threat to this species is habitat loss and degradation, due to agriculture (it occurs in an area of intense agricultural production), and pollution from agricultural pesticides. The spread of the invasive plant species Dichrostachys cinerea is also a threat to the species' native habitat.
It occurs in several protected areas. There is a need to control the spread of invasive species within existing protected areas.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Area of Occupancy is less than 2,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Cuba.
Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Peltophryne gundlachi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54657A11182838. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54657A11182838.en