This species is known from the Atlantic versant of Costa Rica and extreme north-western Panama, at 19-850m asl (Savage, 2002).
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits humid lowland forest, and old banana plantations, living in leaf litter. It cannot survive in open habitats. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.
It is an uncommon species.
The main threat is opening up of its forest habitat for agriculture, livestock, logging and human settlement.
It occurs in the Palo Seco Forest Reserve in Panama, but not currently recorded from any protected areas in Costa Rica. Further studies are needed into populations declines in this species.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in Costa Rica and Panama.
Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, Jay Savage, David Wake, Gerardo Chaves, Federico Bolaños 2010. Oedipina alfaroi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T59305A11910530. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T59305A11910530.en