Nymphargus pluvialis
family: Centrolenidae
subfamily: Centroleninae

© 2005 Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas (1 of 4)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bolivia, Peru



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from two areas in Cuzco Department in southern Peru (Pistipata and Machu Pichu), and from a single locality in central La Paz, Bolivia. It has an altitudinal range of 1,820-2,000m asl. It presumably occurs more widely, particularly in localities between the two currently known sites.

Habitat and Ecology

This species is strongly associated with streams. At Pistipata, the vegetation consists of coffee and tea plantations with remnants of cloud forest. In Bolivia it has been collected in primary montane forest. Individuals call on rainy nights, on herbaceous plants on dripping wet cliffs and the upper sides of leaves over water, all adjacent to streams. Egg clutches are laid on the tips of the upper surfaces of the leaves, and the larvae develop in streams.


It is common in Peru, but uncommon in Bolivia.

Population Trend


Major Threats

It is unclear what the threats are to this species, which is possibly impacted by the loss and degradation of its habitats for human colonization and agricultural development, although in Peru it seems to survive well in coffee and tea plantations.

Conservation Actions

The potential impacts of localized climate change and possible infection with the chytrid fungus on this species require further investigation.

Red List Status

Data Deficient (DD)


Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing uncertainties as to its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.


Lily Rodríguez, Jorge Luis Martinez, Steffen Reichle, Wilfredo Arizabal 2004. Nymphargus pluvialis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54980A11222692. .Downloaded on 20 February 2019


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